WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 526657
Description: AM-2394 is a potent and selective Glucokinase agonist (GKA), which catalyzes the phosphorylation of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate. AM-2394 activates GK with an EC50 of 60 nM, increases the affinity of GK for glucose by approximately 10-fold, exhibits moderate clearance and good oral bioavailability in multiple animal models, and lowers glucose excursion following an oral glucose tolerance test in an ob/ob mouse model of diabetes.
MedKoo Cat#: 526657
Chemical Formula: C22H25N5O4
Exact Mass: 423.1907
Molecular Weight: 423.473
Elemental Analysis: C, 62.40; H, 5.95; N, 16.54; O, 15.11
Synonym: AM-2394; AM 2394; AM2394.
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 1-(6'-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy)-4-((5-methylpyridin-3-yl)oxy)-[3,3'-bipyridin]-6-yl)-3-methylurea
InChi Key: QUISANLDBDCMPD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H25N5O4/c1-14-7-16(11-24-9-14)31-18-8-19(27-21(28)23-4)25-12-17(18)15-5-6-20(26-10-15)30-13-22(2,3)29/h5-12,29H,13H2,1-4H3,(H2,23,25,27,28)
SMILES Code: O=C(NC)NC1=CC(OC2=CC(C)=CN=C2)=C(C3=CC=C(OCC(C)(O)C)N=C3)C=N1
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 423.473 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
Novel Series of Potent Glucokinase Activators Leading to the Discovery of AM-2394
Paul J. Dransfield, Vatee Pattaropong, Sujen Lai, Zice Fu, Todd J. Kohn, Xiaohui Du, Alan Cheng, Yumei Xiong, Renee Komorowski, Lixia Jin, Marion Conn, Eric Tien, Walter E. DeWolf Jr., Ronald J. Hinklin, Thomas D. Aicher, Christopher F. Kraser, Steven A. Boyd, Walter C. Voegtli, Kevin R. Condroski, Murielle Veniant-Ellison, Julio C. Medina, Jonathan Houze, and Peter Coward
Publication Date (Web): May 23, 2016 (Letter)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a disease characterized by elevated plasma glucose in the presence of insulin resistance and inadequate insulin secretion. Glucokinase (GK), a member of the hexokinase enzyme family, catalyzes the phosphorylation of glucose to glucose-6-phosphate in the presence of ATP.