Opicapone
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MedKoo CAT#: 319794

CAS#: 923287-50-7

Description: Opicapone, also known as BIA 9-1067, is a novel potent and selective catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor (COMT inhibitor ) under clinical evaluation as an adjunct to L-Dopa therapy of Parkinson's disease. Opicapone, a novel third generation COMT inhibitor, when compared to entacapone, provides a superior response upon the bioavailability of levodopa associated to more pronounced, long-lasting, and sustained COMT inhibition.


Chemical Structure

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Opicapone
CAS# 923287-50-7

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 319794
Name: Opicapone
CAS#: 923287-50-7
Chemical Formula: C15H10Cl2N4O6
Exact Mass: 412.00
Molecular Weight: 413.167
Elemental Analysis: C, 43.61; H, 2.44; Cl, 17.16; N, 13.56; O, 23.23

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
5mg USD 450 2 Weeks
10mg USD 750 2 Weeks
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Synonym: BIA 9-1067; BIA 91067; BIA-91067; BIA91067; Opicapone

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 2,5-dichloro-3-(5-(3,4-dihydroxy-5-nitrophenyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)-4,6-dimethylpyridine 1-oxide

InChi Key: ASOADIZOVZTJSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C15H10Cl2N4O6/c1-5-10(13(17)20(24)6(2)11(5)16)14-18-15(27-19-14)7-3-8(21(25)26)12(23)9(22)4-7/h3-4,22-23H,1-2H3

SMILES Code: OC1=CC(C2=NC(C3=C(Cl)[N+]([O-])=C(C)C(Cl)=C3C)=NO2)=CC([N+]([O-])=O)=C1O

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

More Info:

Product Data:
Biological target: Opicapone (BIA 9-1067) is a potent third-generation catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor.
In vitro activity: The purpose of this study is to systemically investigate the effects of opicapone on human UGTs activities, and also to assess the potential risk of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) associated with opicapone. The results indicated that opicapone is a broad-spectrum inhibitor of UGTs. Particularly, opicapone exhibited potent inhibition against UGT1A1, 1A7, 1A8, 1A9, and 1A10, with a range of inhibition constant Ki values of 1.31-10.58 µM. Reference: Toxicol Lett. 2022 Aug 15;367:3-8. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35810997/
In vivo activity: Opicapone inhibited rat peripheral COMT with ED50 values below 1.4 mg⋅kg(-1) up to 6 h post-administration. The effect was sustained over the first 8 h and by 24 h COMT had not returned to control values. A single administration of opicapone resulted in increased and sustained plasma levodopa levels with a concomitant reduction in 3-O-methyldopa from 2 h up to 24 h post-administration, while tolcapone produced significant effects only at 2 h post-administration. The effects of opicapone on brain catecholamines after levodopa administration were sustained up to 24 h post-administration. Reference: Br J Pharmacol. 2015 Apr;172(7):1739-52. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25409768/

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
Solubility
DMF 30.0 72.61
DMSO 57.1 138.22

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 413.17 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL
Formulation protocol: 1. Wang Z, Wang Z, Wang X, Lv X, Yin H, Fan X, Yan M, Jia Y, Jiang L, Xia Y, Li W, Liu Y. In vitro effects of opicapone on activity of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases isoforms. Toxicol Lett. 2022 Aug 15;367:3-8. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2022.07.003. Epub 2022 Jul 8. PMID: 35810997. 2. Wang J, Zheng B, Yang S, Zheng H, Wang J. Opicapone Protects Against Hyperhomocysteinemia-Induced Increase in Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability. Neurotox Res. 2021 Dec;39(6):2018-2028. doi: 10.1007/s12640-021-00429-8. Epub 2021 Oct 28. PMID: 34709593. 3. Bonifácio MJ, Torrão L, Loureiro AI, Palma PN, Wright LC, Soares-da-Silva P. Pharmacological profile of opicapone, a third-generation nitrocatechol catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitor, in the rat. Br J Pharmacol. 2015 Apr;172(7):1739-52. doi: 10.1111/bph.13020. Epub 2015 Jan 20. PMID: 25409768; PMCID: PMC4376453.
In vitro protocol: 1. Wang Z, Wang Z, Wang X, Lv X, Yin H, Fan X, Yan M, Jia Y, Jiang L, Xia Y, Li W, Liu Y. In vitro effects of opicapone on activity of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases isoforms. Toxicol Lett. 2022 Aug 15;367:3-8. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2022.07.003. Epub 2022 Jul 8. PMID: 35810997.
In vivo protocol: 1. Wang J, Zheng B, Yang S, Zheng H, Wang J. Opicapone Protects Against Hyperhomocysteinemia-Induced Increase in Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability. Neurotox Res. 2021 Dec;39(6):2018-2028. doi: 10.1007/s12640-021-00429-8. Epub 2021 Oct 28. PMID: 34709593. 2. Bonifácio MJ, Torrão L, Loureiro AI, Palma PN, Wright LC, Soares-da-Silva P. Pharmacological profile of opicapone, a third-generation nitrocatechol catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitor, in the rat. Br J Pharmacol. 2015 Apr;172(7):1739-52. doi: 10.1111/bph.13020. Epub 2015 Jan 20. PMID: 25409768; PMCID: PMC4376453.

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1: Bicker J, Alves G, Fortuna A, Soares-da-Silva P, Falcão A. A new PAMPA model using an in-house brain lipid extract for screening the blood-brain barrier permeability of drug candidates. Int J Pharm. 2016 Jan 30. pii: S0378-5173(16)30072-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.01.074. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26836708.

2: Devos D, Moreau C. Opicapone for motor fluctuations in Parkinson's disease. Lancet Neurol. 2015 Dec 22. pii: S1474-4422(15)00346-4. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(15)00346-4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26725545.

3: Ferreira JJ, Lees A, Rocha JF, Poewe W, Rascol O, Soares-da-Silva P; Bi-Park 1 investigators. Opicapone as an adjunct to levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease and end-of-dose motor fluctuations: a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2015 Dec 22. pii: S1474-4422(15)00336-1. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(15)00336-1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26725544.

4: Rascol O, Perez-Lloret S, Ferreira JJ. New treatments for levodopa-induced motor complications. Mov Disord. 2015 Sep 15;30(11):1451-60. doi: 10.1002/mds.26362. Epub 2015 Aug 21. Review. PubMed PMID: 26293004.

5: Gonçalves D, Alves G, Fortuna A, Soares-da-Silva P, Falcão A. Development of a liquid chromatography assay for the determination of opicapone and BIA 9-1079 in rat matrices. Biomed Chromatogr. 2016 Mar;30(3):312-22. doi: 10.1002/bmc.3550. Epub 2015 Aug 17. PubMed PMID: 26147707.

6: Ferreira JJ, Rocha JF, Falcão A, Santos A, Pinto R, Nunes T, Soares-da-Silva P. Effect of opicapone on levodopa pharmacokinetics, catechol-O-methyltransferase activity and motor fluctuations in patients with Parkinson's disease. Eur J Neurol. 2015 May;22(5):815-25, e56. doi: 10.1111/ene.12666. Epub 2015 Feb 4. PubMed PMID: 25649051.

7: Bonifácio MJ, Torrão L, Loureiro AI, Palma PN, Wright LC, Soares-da-Silva P. Pharmacological profile of opicapone, a third-generation nitrocatechol catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitor, in the rat. Br J Pharmacol. 2015 Apr;172(7):1739-52. doi: 10.1111/bph.13020. Epub 2015 Jan 20. PubMed PMID: 25409768; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4376453.

8: Kiss LE, Soares-da-Silva P. Medicinal chemistry of catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors and their therapeutic utility. J Med Chem. 2014 Nov 13;57(21):8692-717. doi: 10.1021/jm500572b. Epub 2014 Sep 2. PubMed PMID: 25080080.

9: Rocha JF, Falcão A, Santos A, Pinto R, Lopes N, Nunes T, Wright LC, Vaz-da-Silva M, Soares-da-Silva P. Effect of opicapone and entacapone upon levodopa pharmacokinetics during three daily levodopa administrations. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Sep;70(9):1059-71. doi: 10.1007/s00228-014-1701-2. Epub 2014 Jun 14. PubMed PMID: 24925090.

10: Rocha JF, Santos A, Falcão A, Lopes N, Nunes T, Pinto R, Soares-da-Silva P. Effect of moderate liver impairment on the pharmacokinetics of opicapone. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 Mar;70(3):279-86. doi: 10.1007/s00228-013-1602-9. Epub 2013 Nov 24. PubMed PMID: 24271646.

11: Bonifácio MJ, Sutcliffe JS, Torrão L, Wright LC, Soares-da-Silva P. Brain and peripheral pharmacokinetics of levodopa in the cynomolgus monkey following administration of opicapone, a third generation nitrocatechol COMT inhibitor. Neuropharmacology. 2014 Feb;77:334-41. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2013.10.014. Epub 2013 Oct 19. PubMed PMID: 24148813.

12: Gonçalves D, Alves G, Fortuna A, Soares-da-Silva P, Falcão A. An HPLC-DAD method for the simultaneous quantification of opicapone (BIA 9-1067) and its active metabolite in human plasma. Analyst. 2013 Apr 21;138(8):2463-9. doi: 10.1039/c3an36671e. PubMed PMID: 23476919.

13: Rocha JF, Almeida L, Falcão A, Palma PN, Loureiro AI, Pinto R, Bonifácio MJ, Wright LC, Nunes T, Soares-da-Silva P. Opicapone: a short lived and very long acting novel catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor following multiple dose administration in healthy subjects. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 Nov;76(5):763-75. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12081. PubMed PMID: 23336248; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3853535.

14: Almeida L, Rocha JF, Falcão A, Palma PN, Loureiro AI, Pinto R, Bonifácio MJ, Wright LC, Nunes T, Soares-da-Silva P. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and tolerability of opicapone, a novel catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor, in healthy subjects: prediction of slow enzyme-inhibitor complex dissociation of a short-living and very long-acting inhibitor. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2013 Feb;52(2):139-51. doi: 10.1007/s40262-012-0024-7. PubMed PMID: 23248072.

15: Palma PN, Bonifácio MJ, Loureiro AI, Soares-da-Silva P. Computation of the binding affinities of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors: multisubstate relative free energy calculations. J Comput Chem. 2012 Apr 5;33(9):970-86. doi: 10.1002/jcc.22926. Epub 2012 Jan 25. PubMed PMID: 22278964.

16: Gonçalves D, Alves G, Soares-da-Silva P, Falcão A. Bioanalytical chromatographic methods for the determination of catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors in rodents and human samples: a review. Anal Chim Acta. 2012 Jan 13;710:17-32. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2011.10.026. Epub 2011 Oct 20. Review. PubMed PMID: 22123108.

17: Kiss LE, Ferreira HS, Torrão L, Bonifácio MJ, Palma PN, Soares-da-Silva P, Learmonth DA. Discovery of a long-acting, peripherally selective inhibitor of catechol-O-methyltransferase. J Med Chem. 2010 Apr 22;53(8):3396-411. doi: 10.1021/jm1001524. PubMed PMID: 20334432.