WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 317190
CAS#: 60719-84-8 (free)
Description: Amrinone (INN) or inamrinone, trade name Inocor, is a pyridine phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor. It may improve prognosis in patients with congestive heart failure. Amrinone has been shown to increase the contractions initiated in the heart by high gain calcium induced calcium release (CICR). The positive inotropic effect of amrinone is mediated by the selective enhancement of high gain CICR which contributes to the contraction of myocytes by phosphorylation through cAMP dependent protein kinase A (PKA) and Ca2+ calmodulin kinase pathways. Amrinone increases cardiac contractility as a vasodilator. It acts by inhibiting the breakdown of both cAMP and cGMP by the phosphodiesterase (PDE3) enzyme.
MedKoo Cat#: 317190
CAS#: 60719-84-8 (free)
Chemical Formula: C10H9N3O
Exact Mass: 187.07456
Molecular Weight: 187.2
Elemental Analysis: C, 64.16; H, 4.85; N, 22.45; O, 8.55
Related CAS #: 60719-84-8 (free); 75898-90-7 (lactate)
Synonym: Amrinone; Inamrinone; Inocor; Wincoram; Cordemcura; Win 40680; Win-40680; Win40680
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 3-amino-5-pyridin-4-yl-1H-pyridin-2-one
InChi Key: RNLQIBCLLYYYFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C10H9N3O/c11-9-5-8(6-13-10(9)14)7-1-3-12-4-2-7/h1-6H,11H2,(H,13,14)
SMILES Code: C1=CN=CC=C1C2=CNC(=O)C(=C2)N
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 187.2 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
1: Endoh M. Amrinone, forerunner of novel cardiotonic agents, caused paradigm shift of heart failure pharmacotherapy. Circ Res. 2013 Aug 2;113(4):358-61. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.113.301689. PubMed PMID: 23908328.
2: Miller DR. Retraction note to: Amrinone improves contractility of fatigued diaphragm in dogs. Can J Anaesth 1995; 42: 80-6,DOI 10.1007/BF03010577. Can J Anaesth. 2012 Dec;59(12):1176. doi: 10.1007/s12630-012-9838-x. English, French. PubMed PMID: 23184630.
3: Asif M. Phosphodiesterase-III Inhibitors Amrinone and Milrinone on Epilepsy and Cardiovascular Activities. N Am J Med Sci. 2012 Oct;4(10):499-502. doi: 10.4103/1947-2714.102001. PubMed PMID: 23112975; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3482785.
4: Kucuk C, Akcan A, Akyýldýz H, Akgun H, Muhtaroglu S, Sozuer E. Effects of amrinone in an experimental model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Surg Res. 2009 Jan;151(1):74-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2008.02.008. Epub 2008 Mar 13. PubMed PMID: 18468627.
5: Komamura K, Matsuo H, Sasaki T. Comparison of the initial hospitalization costs between the patients treated with dobutamine and the patients treated with amrinone for acute decompensated heart failure in a Japanese institute. Value Health. 2008 Mar;11 Suppl 1:S39-42. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2008.00365.x. PubMed PMID: 18387066.
6: Gong SG, Liu JM. [Protection of amrinone against lung injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion in rats]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Jun;9(3):233-6. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 17582263.
7: Celik I, Cihangiroglu M, Ilhan N, Akpolat N, Akbulut HH. Protective effects of different antioxidants and amrinone on vancomycin-induced nephrotoxicity. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2005 Nov;97(5):325-32. PubMed PMID: 16236146.
8: Yoo KY, Kim H, Jeong CW, Park HC, Bae HB, Lee J. Effects of inotropic drugs on mechanical function and oxygen balance in postischemic canine myocardium: comparison of dobutamine, epinephrine, amrinone, and calcium chloride. J Korean Med Sci. 2005 Oct;20(5):732-9. PubMed PMID: 16224144; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2779267.
9: Akcan A, Kucuk C, Ok E, Canoz O, Muhtaroglu S, Yilmaz N, Yilmaz Z. The effect of amrinone on liver regeneration in experimental hepatic resection model. J Surg Res. 2006 Jan;130(1):66-72. Epub 2005 Sep 8. PubMed PMID: 16154150.
10: Ekingen G, Sönmez K, Ozen O, Demirogullari B, Karabulut R, Türkyilmaz Z, Yenidünya S, Ayayvaci S, Basaklar AC, Kale N. Effect of amrinone on mucosal permeability in experimental intestinal ischaemia/reperfusion injury. ANZ J Surg. 2005 Jul;75(7):608-13. PubMed PMID: 15972057.