Alverine Citrate
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MedKoo CAT#: 317174

CAS#: 5560-59-8 (citrate)

Description: Alverine Citrate is a drug used for functional gastrointestinal disorders. Alverine is a smooth muscle relaxant. Smooth muscle is a type of muscle that is not under voluntary control; it is the muscle present in places such as the gut and uterus. Alverine acts directly on the muscle in the gut, causing it to relax. This prevents the muscle spasms which occur in the gut in conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome and diverticular disease.


Chemical Structure

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Alverine Citrate
CAS# 5560-59-8 (citrate)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 317174
Name: Alverine Citrate
CAS#: 5560-59-8 (citrate)
Chemical Formula: C26H35NO7
Exact Mass:
Molecular Weight: 473.5
Elemental Analysis: C, 65.94; H, 7.45; N, 2.96; O, 23.65

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
1.0g USD 205.0 2 Weeks
5.0g USD 340.0 2 Weeks
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Related CAS #: 150-59-4 (free base)   5982-87-6 (HCl)   3686-59-7 (tartrate)  

Synonym: Alverine; Alverine Citrate; Phenopropamine; Phenpropamine; Profenil; Dipropyline; Spasmaverine; Sestron; Dipropylin.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: N-ethyl-3-phenyl-N-(3-phenylpropyl)propan-1-amine 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate

InChi Key: RYHCACJBKCOBTJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C20H27N.C6H8O7/c1-2-21(17-9-15-19-11-5-3-6-12-19)18-10-16-20-13-7-4-8-14-20;7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h3-8,11-14H,2,9-10,15-18H2,1H3;13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)

SMILES Code: CCN(CCCC1=CC=CC=C1)CCCC2=CC=CC=C2.C(C(=O)O)C(CC(=O)O)(C(=O)O)O

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 473.5 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Lee KJ. Pharmacologic Agents for Chronic Diarrhea. Intest Res. 2015 Oct;13(4):306-312. Epub 2015 Oct 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 26576135; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4641856.

2: Gupta D, Radhakrishnan M, Kurhe Y. Anxiolytic-like effects of alverine citrate in experimental mouse models of anxiety. Eur J Pharmacol. 2014 Nov 5;742:94-101. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2014.08.033. Epub 2014 Sep 6. PubMed PMID: 25199966.

3: Annaházi A, Róka R, Rosztóczy A, Wittmann T. Role of antispasmodics in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. World J Gastroenterol. 2014 May 28;20(20):6031-43. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v20.i20.6031. Review. PubMed PMID: 24876726; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4033443.

4: Ducrotte P, Grimaud JC, Dapoigny M, Personnic S, O'Mahony V, Andro-Delestrain MC. On-demand treatment with alverine citrate/simeticone compared with standard treatments for irritable bowel syndrome: results of a randomised pragmatic study. Int J Clin Pract. 2014 Feb;68(2):245-54. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12333. Epub 2013 Oct 21. PubMed PMID: 24147869; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4282257.

5: Lee SH, Athavankar S, Cohen T, Piran R, Kiselyuk A, Levine F. Identification of alverine and benfluorex as HNF4α activators. ACS Chem Biol. 2013 Aug 16;8(8):1730-6. doi: 10.1021/cb4000986. Epub 2013 May 29. PubMed PMID: 23675775; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3922238.

6: Bueno L, Beaufrand C, Theodorou V, Andro-Delestrain MC. Influence of simethicone and alverine on stress-induced alterations of colonic permeability and sensitivity in rats: beneficial effect of their association. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2013 Apr;65(4):567-73. doi: 10.1111/jphp.12021. Epub 2013 Jan 17. PubMed PMID: 23488786.

7: Martínez-Vázquez MA, Vázquez-Elizondo G, González-González JA, Gutiérrez-Udave R, Maldonado-Garza HJ, Bosques-Padilla FJ. Effect of antispasmodic agents, alone or in combination, in the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis. Rev Gastroenterol Mex. 2012 Apr-Jun;77(2):82-90. doi: 10.1016/j.rgmx.2012.04.002. Epub 2012 Jun 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 22672854.

8: Beyazit Y, Koklu S, Ozturk ZA, Yüksel O, Ibis M, Arhan M, Gultuna S, Sezer S, Yuksel I, Babali A. Inclusion of a spasmolytic in bowel cleansing: a prospective randomized study. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2011 Sep-Oct;34(5):352-5. doi: 10.1097/SGA.0b013e318229bc90. PubMed PMID: 21979395.

9: Jackson E, Kapp N. Pain control in first-trimester and second-trimester medical termination of pregnancy: a systematic review. Contraception. 2011 Feb;83(2):116-26. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2010.07.014. Epub 2010 Aug 30. Review. PubMed PMID: 21237336.

10: Ghosh C, Jha V, Ahir R, Shah S, Shinde CP, Chakraborty BS. A rapid and most sensitive liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of alverine and its major metabolite, para hydroxy alverine, in human plasma: application to a pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence study. Drug Test Anal. 2010 Jun;2(6):284-91. doi: 10.1002/dta.130. PubMed PMID: 20564607.