Duvoglustat hydrochloride

    WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 510316

CAS#: 73285-50-4 (HCl)

Description: Duvoglustat, also known as AT2220, 1-Deoxynojirimycin, Moranoline, deoxynojirimycin or DNJ, is a potent and selective alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, most commonly found in mulberry leaves. Duvoglustat is used to suppress the elevation of postprandial hyperglycemia. Duvoglustat acts as an antihyperglycemic agent by slowing the rate of carbohydrate degradation to monosaccharides. Duvoglustat inhibits glucose absorption by suppressing intestinal glucose transport. Duvoglustat accelerates glucose utilization by regulating hepatic glucose metabolism enzymes. Duvoglustat directly regulates expression of hepatic enzymes involved in glucose metabolism.

Chemical Structure

Duvoglustat hydrochloride
CAS# 73285-50-4 (HCl)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 510316
Name: Duvoglustat hydrochloride
CAS#: 73285-50-4 (HCl)
Chemical Formula: C6H14ClNO4
Exact Mass:
Molecular Weight: 199.631
Elemental Analysis: C, 36.10; H, 7.07; Cl, 17.76; N, 7.02; O, 32.06

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
10.0mg USD 350.0 2 weeks
25.0mg USD 550.0 2 weeks
50.0mg USD 950.0 2 weeks
100.0mg USD 1750.0 2 weeks
Bulk inquiry

Related CAS #: 19130-96-2 (free base)   73285-50-4 (HCl)    

Synonym: AT2220; AT-2220; AT 2220; Moranoline; Moranolin; DNJ; 1DNJ; NOJ; Duvoglustat hydrochloride; 1-Deoxynojirimycin; 1-Deoxy-Nojirimycin; deoxynojirimycin; Duvoglustat. BAY-h 5595

IUPAC/Chemical Name: (2R,3R,4R,5S)-2-(hydroxymethyl)piperidine-3,4,5-triol hydrochloride


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C6H13NO4.ClH/c8-2-3-5(10)6(11)4(9)1-7-3;/h3-11H,1-2H2;1H/t3-,4+,5-,6-;/m1./s1

SMILES Code: O[C@@H]1[C@@H](CO)NC[C@H](O)[C@H]1O.[H]Cl

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 199.631 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Liu Q, Li X, Li C, Zheng Y, Peng G. 1-Deoxynojirimycin Alleviates Insulin Resistance via Activation of Insulin Signaling PI3K/AKT Pathway in Skeletal Muscle of db/db Mice. Molecules. 2015 Dec 4;20(12):21700-14. doi: 10.3390/molecules201219794. PubMed PMID: 26690098.

2: Chen GH, Tong JJ, Wang F, Hu XQ, Li XW, Tao F, Wei ZJ. Chronic adjunction of 1-deoxynojirimycin protects from age-related behavioral and biochemical changes in the SAMP8 mice. Age (Dordr). 2015 Oct;37(5):102. doi: 10.1007/s11357-015-9839-0. Epub 2015 Sep 23. PubMed PMID: 26400487.

3: Deng MJ, Lin XD, Lin QT, Wen DF, Zhang ML, Wang XQ, Gao HC, Xu JP. A 1H-NMR Based Study on Hemolymph Metabolomics in Eri Silkworm after Oral Administration of 1-Deoxynojirimycin. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 6;10(7):e0131696. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131696. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26148185; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4492494.

4: Xu B, Zhang DY, Liu ZY, Zhang Y, Liu L, Li L, Liu CC, Wu GH. Rapid determination of 1-deoxynojirimycin in Morus alba L. leaves by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2015 Oct 10;114:447-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2015.06.010. Epub 2015 Jun 20. PubMed PMID: 26133103.

5: Wang GQ, Zhu L, Ma ML, Chen XC, Gao Y, Yu TY, Yang GS, Pang WJ. Mulberry 1-Deoxynojirimycin Inhibits Adipogenesis by Repression of the ERK/PPARγ Signaling Pathway in Porcine Intramuscular Adipocytes. J Agric Food Chem. 2015 Jul 15;63(27):6212-20. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.5b01680. Epub 2015 Jun 25. PubMed PMID: 26075699.

6: Jiang P, Mu S, Li H, Li Y, Feng C, Jin JM, Tang SY. Design and application of a novel high-throughput screening technique for 1-deoxynojirimycin. Sci Rep. 2015 Feb 24;5:8563. doi: 10.1038/srep08563. PubMed PMID: 25708517; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4338435.

7: Do HJ, Chung JH, Hwang JW, Kim OY, Lee JY, Shin MJ. 1-deoxynojirimycin isolated from Bacillus subtilis improves hepatic lipid metabolism and mitochondrial function in high-fat-fed mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 2015 Jan;75:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.11.001. Epub 2014 Nov 10. PubMed PMID: 25445511.

8: Aguilar AL, Escribano J, Wentworth P Jr, Butters TD. Synthetic 1-deoxynojirimycin N-substituted peptides offer prolonged disruption to N-linked glycan processing. ChemMedChem. 2014 Dec;9(12):2809-13. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.201402186. Epub 2014 Oct 28. PubMed PMID: 25352425.

9: Jiang YG, Wang CY, Jin C, Jia JQ, Guo X, Zhang GZ, Gui ZZ. Improved 1-Deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) production in mulberry leaves fermented by microorganism. Braz J Microbiol. 2014 Aug 29;45(2):721-9. eCollection 2014. PubMed PMID: 25242964; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4166305.

10: Huang SS, Yan YH, Ko CH, Chen KM, Lee SC, Liu CT. A Comparison of Food-grade Folium mori ( Sāng Yè) Extract and 1-Deoxynojirimycin for Glycemic Control and Renal Function in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats. J Tradit Complement Med. 2014 Jul;4(3):162-70. doi: 10.4103/2225-4110.131639. PubMed PMID: 25161921; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4142454.

11: Wang T, Li CQ, Zhang H, Li JW. Response surface optimized extraction of 1-deoxynojirimycin from mulberry leaves (Morus alba L.) and preparative separation with resins. Molecules. 2014 May 30;19(6):7040-56. doi: 10.3390/molecules19067040. PubMed PMID: 24886934.

12: E S, Kijima R, Honma T, Yamamoto K, Hatakeyama Y, Kitano Y, Kimura T, Nakagawa K, Miyazawa T, Tsuduki T. 1-Deoxynojirimycin attenuates high glucose-accelerated senescence in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Exp Gerontol. 2014 Jul;55:63-9. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2014.03.025. Epub 2014 Apr 5. PubMed PMID: 24709343.

13: Cipolla L, Sgambato A, Forcella M, Fusi P, Parenti P, Cardona F, Bini D. N-Bridged 1-deoxynojirimycin dimers as selective insect trehalase inhibitors. Carbohydr Res. 2014 May 7;389:46-9. doi: 10.1016/j.carres.2013.12.025. Epub 2014 Jan 30. PubMed PMID: 24680508.

14: Chan KC, Lin MC, Huang CN, Chang WC, Wang CJ. Mulberry 1-deoxynojirimycin pleiotropically inhibits glucose-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cell migration by activation of AMPK/RhoB and down-regulation of FAK. J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Oct 16;61(41):9867-75. doi: 10.1021/jf403636z. Epub 2013 Oct 2. PubMed PMID: 24050301.

15: Lee SM, Do HJ, Shin MJ, Seong SI, Hwang KY, Lee JY, Kwon O, Jin T, Chung JH. 1-Deoxynojirimycin isolated from a Bacillus subtilis stimulates adiponectin and GLUT4 expressions in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013 May;23(5):637-43. PubMed PMID: 23648852.

16: Tsuduki T, Kikuchi I, Kimura T, Nakagawa K, Miyazawa T. Intake of mulberry 1-deoxynojirimycin prevents diet-induced obesity through increases in adiponectin in mice. Food Chem. 2013 Aug 15;139(1-4):16-23. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.02.025. Epub 2013 Feb 20. PubMed PMID: 23561072.

17: Li YG, Ji DF, Zhong S, Lin TB, Lv ZQ, Hu GY, Wang X. 1-deoxynojirimycin inhibits glucose absorption and accelerates glucose metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1377. doi: 10.1038/srep01377. PubMed PMID: 23536174; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3610135.

18: Vichasilp C, Nakagawa K, Sookwong P, Higuchi O, Kimura F, Miyazawa T. A novel gelatin crosslinking method retards release of mulberry 1-deoxynojirimycin providing a prolonged hypoglycaemic effect. Food Chem. 2012 Oct 15;134(4):1823-30. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.03.086. Epub 2012 Mar 30. PubMed PMID: 23442626.

19: Seo MJ, Nam YD, Lee SY, Park SL, Yi SH, Lim SI. Isolation of the putative biosynthetic gene cluster of 1-deoxynojirimycin by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens 140N, its production and application to the fermentation of soybean paste. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2013;77(2):398-401. Epub 2013 Feb 7. PubMed PMID: 23391926.

20: Onose S, Ikeda R, Nakagawa K, Kimura T, Yamagishi K, Higuchi O, Miyazawa T. Production of the α-glycosidase inhibitor 1-deoxynojirimycin from Bacillus species. Food Chem. 2013 May 1;138(1):516-23. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.11.012. Epub 2012 Nov 15. PubMed PMID: 23265519.

Additional Information

  Related CAS#
CAS#73285-50-4 (DuvoglustatHCl salt);
CAS#19130-96-2 (Duvoglustat free base).