WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 406492
CAS#: 58880-19-6 (R-isomer)
Description: Trichostatin A, also known as TSA, is a HDAC inhibitor. TSA inhibits the eukaryotic cell cycle during the beginning of the growth stage. TSA can be used to alter gene expression by interfering with the removal of acetyl groups from histones (histone deacetylases, HDAC) and therefore altering the ability of DNA transcription factors to access the DNA molecules inside chromatin. It is a member of a larger class of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs or HDACIs) that have a broad spectrum of epigenetic activities. TSA inhibits HDACs 1, 3, 4, 6 and 10 with IC50 values around 20 nM.
MedKoo Cat#: 406492
Name: Trichostatin A
CAS#: 58880-19-6 (R-isomer)
Chemical Formula: C17H22N2O3
Exact Mass: 302.16304
Molecular Weight: 302.36818
Elemental Analysis: C, 67.53; H, 7.33; N, 9.26; O, 15.87
Synonym: Trichostatin A; (+)-Trichostatin A; Trichostatin A (R-isomer).
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (R,2E,4E)-7-(4-(dimethylamino)phenyl)-N-hydroxy-4,6-dimethyl-7-oxohepta-2,4-dienamide
InChi Key: RTKIYFITIVXBLE-QEQCGCAPSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C17H22N2O3/c1-12(5-10-16(20)18-22)11-13(2)17(21)14-6-8-15(9-7-14)19(3)4/h5-11,13,22H,1-4H3,(H,18,20)/b10-5+,12-11+/t13-/m1/s1
SMILES Code: O=C(NO)/C=C/C(C)=C/[C@@H](C)C(C1=CC=C(N(C)C)C=C1)=O
1: Turovets N, D'Amour KA, Agapov V, Turovets I, Kochetkova O, Janus J, Semechkin A, Moorman MA, Agapova L. Human parthenogenetic stem cells produce enriched populations of definitive endoderm cells after trichostatin A pretreatment. Differentiation. 2011 Jun;81(5):292-8. doi: 10.1016/j.diff.2011.01.002. Epub 2011 Feb 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 21306817.
2: Codd R, Braich N, Liu J, Soe CZ, Pakchung AA. Zn(II)-dependent histone deacetylase inhibitors: suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid and trichostatin A. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Apr;41(4):736-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2008.05.026. Epub 2008 Aug 3. Review. PubMed PMID: 18725319.
3: Yoshida M. [Potent and specific inhibition of mammalian histone deacetylase both in vivo and in vitro by trichostatin A]. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso. 2007 Oct;52(13 Suppl):1788-9. Review. Japanese. PubMed PMID: 18051427.
4: Vanhaecke T, Papeleu P, Elaut G, Rogiers V. Trichostatin A-like hydroxamate histone deacetylase inhibitors as therapeutic agents: toxicological point of view. Curr Med Chem. 2004 Jun;11(12):1629-43. Review. PubMed PMID: 15180568.
5: Kim YB, Yoshida M, Horinouchi S. Selective induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors and their roles in cell cycle arrest caused by trichostatin A, an inhibitor of histone deacetylase. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999;886:200-3. Review. PubMed PMID: 10667219.
6: Yoshida M, Horinouchi S, Beppu T. Trichostatin A and trapoxin: novel chemical probes for the role of histone acetylation in chromatin structure and function. Bioessays. 1995 May;17(5):423-30. Review. PubMed PMID: 7786288.