Padeliporfin (WST-11)

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MedKoo CAT#: 205760

CAS#: 759457-82-4

Description: Padeliporfin, also known as WST-11, is vascular-acting photosensitizer consisting of a water-soluble, palladium-substituted bacteriochlorophyll derivative with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, paldeliporfin is activated locally when the tumor bed is exposed to low-power laser light; reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed upon activation and ROS-mediated necrosis may occur at the site of interaction between the photosensitizer, light and oxygen. Vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy (VTP) with padeliporfin may allow tumor-site specific cytotoxicity while sparing adjacent normal tissues. (NCI Thesaurus).

Chemical Structure

Padeliporfin (WST-11)
CAS# 759457-82-4

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 205760
Name: Padeliporfin (WST-11)
CAS#: 759457-82-4
Chemical Formula: C37H41K2N5O9PdS
Exact Mass:
Molecular Weight: 916.43
Elemental Analysis: C, 48.49; H, 4.51; K, 8.53; N, 7.64; O, 15.71; Pd, 11.61; S, 3.50

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Synonym: WST11; WST-11; WST 11; Stakel; padeliporfin; palladiumbacteriopheophorbide monolysine taurine.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: (SP-4-2)-[(7S,8S,17R,18R)-13-acetyl-18-ethyl-5-(2-methoxy-2-oxoethyl)-2,8,12,17-tetramethyl-3-[[(2-sulfoethyl)amino]carbonyl]-21H,23H-porphine-7-propanoato (4-)-kN21,kN22,kN23,kN24] palladate(2-)


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C37H45N5O9S.2K.Pd/c1-8-22-17(2)25-16-30-33(21(6)43)19(4)27(40-30)14-26-18(3)23(9-10-31(44)45)35(41-26)24(13-32(46)51-7)36-34(37(47)38-11-12-52(48,49)50)20(5)28(42-36)15-29(22)39-25;;;/h14-18,22-23H,8-13H2,1-7H3,(H5,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,47,48,49,50);;;/q;2*+1;+2/p-4/t17-,18+,22-,23+;;;/m1.../s1

SMILES Code: C[C@@H]1[C@@H](CC)C2=[N]3C1=CC4=C(C(C)=O)C(C)=C(N45)C=C6[C@@H](C)[C@H](CCC(O[K])=O)C(C(CC(OC)=O)=C7C(C(NCCS(=O)(O[K])=O)=O)=C8C)=[N]6[Pd]35N7C8=C2

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: ry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, soluble in water.

Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO or water

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 916.43 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Kessel D, Price M. Evaluation of DADB as a Probe for Singlet Oxygen Formation during Photodynamic Therapy. Photochem Photobiol. 2012 Feb 2. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.2012.01106.x. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 22296586.

2: Betrouni N, Lopes R, Puech P, Colin P, Mordon S. A model to estimate the outcome of prostate cancer photodynamic therapy with TOOKAD Soluble WST11. Phys Med Biol. 2011 Aug 7;56(15):4771-83. Epub 2011 Jul 13. PubMed PMID: 21753234.

3: Chevalier S, Anidjar M, Scarlata E, Hamel L, Scherz A, Ficheux H, Borenstein N, Fiette L, Elhilali M. Preclinical study of the novel vascular occluding agent, WST11, for photodynamic therapy of the canine prostate. J Urol. 2011 Jul;186(1):302-9. Epub 2011 May 20. PubMed PMID: 21600602.

4: Dandler J, Wilhelm B, Scheer H. Photochemistry of bacteriochlorophylls in human blood plasma: 1. Pigment stability and light-induced modifications of lipoproteins. Photochem Photobiol. 2010 Mar-Apr;86(2):331-41. Epub 2009 Nov 23. PubMed PMID: 19947966.

5: Dandler J, Scheer H. Inhibition of aggregation of [Pd]-bacteriochlorophyllides in mesoporous silica. Langmuir. 2009 Oct 20;25(20):11988-92. PubMed PMID: 19772311.

6: Ashur I, Goldschmidt R, Pinkas I, Salomon Y, Szewczyk G, Sarna T, Scherz A. Photocatalytic generation of oxygen radicals by the water-soluble bacteriochlorophyll derivative WST11, noncovalently bound to serum albumin. J Phys Chem A. 2009 Jul 16;113(28):8027-37. PubMed PMID: 19545111.

7: Moore CM, Pendse D, Emberton M. Photodynamic therapy for prostate cancer--a review of current status and future promise. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2009 Jan;6(1):18-30. Review. PubMed PMID: 19132003.

8: Preise D, Oren R, Glinert I, Kalchenko V, Jung S, Scherz A, Salomon Y. Systemic antitumor protection by vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy involves cellular and humoral immunity. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2009 Jan;58(1):71-84. Epub 2008 May 17. PubMed PMID: 18488222.

9: Fleshker S, Preise D, Kalchenko V, Scherz A, Salomon Y. Prompt assessment of WST11-VTP outcome using luciferase transfected tumors enables second treatment and increase in overall therapeutic rate. Photochem Photobiol. 2008 Sep-Oct;84(5):1231-7. Epub 2008 Apr 8. PubMed PMID: 18399928.

10: Berdugo M, Bejjani RA, Valamanesh F, Savoldelli M, Jeanny JC, Blanc D, Ficheux H, Scherz A, Salomon Y, BenEzra D, Behar-Cohen F. Evaluation of the new photosensitizer Stakel (WST-11) for photodynamic choroidal vessel occlusion in rabbit and rat eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Apr;49(4):1633-44. PubMed PMID: 18385085.

11: Fabre MA, Fuseau E, Ficheux H. Selection of dosing regimen with WST11 by Monte Carlo simulations, using PK data collected after single IV administration in healthy subjects and population PK modeling. J Pharm Sci. 2007 Dec;96(12):3444-56. PubMed PMID: 17854075.

12: Brandis A, Mazor O, Neumark E, Rosenbach-Belkin V, Salomon Y, Scherz A. Novel water-soluble bacteriochlorophyll derivatives for vascular-targeted photodynamic therapy: synthesis, solubility, phototoxicity and the effect of serum proteins. Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Jul-Aug;81(4):983-93. PubMed PMID: 15839743.

13: Mazor O, Brandis A, Plaks V, Neumark E, Rosenbach-Belkin V, Salomon Y, Scherz A. WST11, a novel water-soluble bacteriochlorophyll derivative; cellular uptake, pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and vascular-targeted photodynamic activity using melanoma tumors as a model. Photochem Photobiol. 2005 Mar-Apr;81(2):342-51. PubMed PMID: 15623318.

14: Plaks V, Posen Y, Mazor O, Brandis A, Scherz A, Salomon Y. Homologous adaptation to oxidative stress induced by the photosensitized Pd-bacteriochlorophyll derivative (WST11) in cultured endothelial cells. J Biol Chem. 2004 Oct 29;279(44):45713-20. Epub 2004 Aug 31. PubMed PMID: 15339936.

Additional Information

WST-11 (Stakel) is a water-soluble bacteriochlorophyll (chemical structure shown below) derivative coordinated with palldium, which has maximum absorption wavelength in the near infrared (753 nm) and rapid clearance from the body ( t 1/2 = 0.37 hour for a 10-mg/kg drug dose in the rat and t 1/2 = 0.51 hour, 1 hour, and 2.65 hours for 1.25-, 2.5-, and 5-mg/kg drug doses, respectively. It binds to serum albumin and has potent antivascular activity through the generation of hydroxyl radicals when stimulated by the proper light wavelength.
Chemical structure of bacteriochlorophyll
Chemical structure of