Nemorubicin
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MedKoo CAT#: 201824

CAS#: 108852-90-0

Description: Nemorubicin, also known as PNU152243A, is a doxorubicin derivative that differs significantly from its parent drug in terms of spectrum of antitumor activity, metabolism and toxicity profile. The drug is active on tumors resistant to alkylating agents, topoisomerase II inhibitors and platinum derivatives. It works primarily through topoisomerase I inhibition. Of note, Nemorubicin is active in cells with upregulation of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, where current therapies fail. Nemorubicin is biotransformed in the liver into cytotoxic metabolites that may further contribute to render this drug highly active against primary liver tumors or liver metastases.


Chemical Structure

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Nemorubicin
CAS# 108852-90-0

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 201824
Name: Nemorubicin
CAS#: 108852-90-0
Chemical Formula: C32H37NO13
Exact Mass: 643.22649
Molecular Weight: 643.63
Elemental Analysis: C, 59.71; H, 5.79; N, 2.18; O, 32.32

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
5.0mg USD 150.0 Same Day
10.0mg USD 250.0 Same Day
25.0mg USD 450.0 Same Day
50.0mg USD 850.0 Same Day
100.0mg USD 1250.0 Same Day
200.0mg USD 1950.0 Same Day
500.0mg USD 2950.0 Same Day
1.0g USD 4250.0 Same Day
2.0g USD 6950.0 2 Weeks
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Synonym: PNU152243A; PNU-152243A; PNU 152243A; Nemorubicin, methoxymorpholinyl-doxorubicin

IUPAC/Chemical Name: (8S,10S)-6,8,11-trihydroxy-10-(((2R,4S,5S,6S)-5-hydroxy-4-((S)-2-methoxymorpholino)-6-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)oxy)-8-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrotetracene-5,12-dione.

InChi Key: CTMCWCONSULRHO-UHQPFXKFSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C32H37NO13/c1-14-27(36)17(33-7-8-44-22(12-33)43-3)9-21(45-14)46-19-11-32(41,20(35)13-34)10-16-24(19)31(40)26-25(29(16)38)28(37)15-5-4-6-18(42-2)23(15)30(26)39/h4-6,14,17,19,21-22,27,34,36,38,40-41H,7-13H2,1-3H3/t14-,17-,19-,21-,22-,27+,32-/m0/s1

SMILES Code: O=C1C2=C(O)C(C[C@](C(CO)=O)(O)C[C@@H]3O[C@H]4C[C@H](N5C[C@@H](OC)OCC5)[C@H](O)[C@H](C)O4)=C3C(O)=C2C(C6=C1C=CC=C6OC)=O

Appearance: Red to pink solid powder

Purity: >95% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Solubility Data

Solvent Max Conc. mg/mL Max Conc. mM
Solubility
DMSO 60.0 101.0

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 643.63 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Mazzini S, Scaglioni L, Mondelli R, Caruso M, Sirtori FR. The interaction of nemorubicin metabolite PNU-159682 with DNA fragments d(CGTACG)(2), d(CGATCG)(2) and d(CGCGCG)(2) shows a strong but reversible binding to G:C base pairs. Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Dec 15;20(24):6979-88. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.10.033. Epub 2012 Nov 3. PubMed PMID: 23154079.

2: Sabatino MA, Marabese M, Ganzinelli M, Caiola E, Geroni C, Broggini M. Down-regulation of the nucleotide excision repair gene XPG as a new mechanism of drug resistance in human and murine cancer cells. Mol Cancer. 2010 Sep 24;9:259. doi: 10.1186/1476-4598-9-259. PubMed PMID: 20868484; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2955619.

3: Lu H, Chen CS, Waxman DJ. Potentiation of methoxymorpholinyl doxorubicin antitumor activity by P450 3A4 gene transfer. Cancer Gene Ther. 2009 May;16(5):393-404. doi: 10.1038/cgt.2008.93. Epub 2008 Nov 14. PubMed PMID: 19011599; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2669851.

4: Quintieri L, Fantin M, Palatini P, De Martin S, Rosato A, Caruso M, Geroni C, Floreani M. In vitro hepatic conversion of the anticancer agent nemorubicin to its active metabolite PNU-159682 in mice, rats and dogs: a comparison with human liver microsomes. Biochem Pharmacol. 2008 Sep 15;76(6):784-95. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2008.07.003. Epub 2008 Jul 11. PubMed PMID: 18671948.

5: Broggini M. Nemorubicin. Top Curr Chem. 2008;283:191-206. doi: 10.1007/128_2007_6. PubMed PMID: 23605633.

6: Sessa C, Valota O, Geroni C. Ongoing phase I and II studies of novel anthracyclines. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2007;7(2):75-9. Review. PubMed PMID: 17652808.

7: Quintieri L, Geroni C, Fantin M, Battaglia R, Rosato A, Speed W, Zanovello P, Floreani M. Formation and antitumor activity of PNU-159682, a major metabolite of nemorubicin in human liver microsomes. Clin Cancer Res. 2005 Feb 15;11(4):1608-17. PubMed PMID: 15746066.

8: Fraier D, Frigerio E, Brianceschi G, James CA. LC-MS-MS determination of nemorubicin (methoxymorpholinyldoxorubicin, PNU-152243A) and its 13-OH metabolite (PNU-155051A) in human plasma. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2002 Oct 15;30(3):377-89. PubMed PMID: 12367663.



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