WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 206077
Description: DHA-paclitaxel, also know as Taxoprexin, is prodrug comprised of the naturally occurring omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) covalently conjugated to the anti-microtubule agent paclitaxel. Because tumor cells take up DHA, DHA-paclitaxel is delivered directly to tumor tissue, where the paclitaxel moiety binds to tubulin and inhibits the disassembly of microtubules, thereby resulting in the inhibition of cell division. Paclitaxel also induces apoptosis by binding to and blocking the function of the apoptosis inhibitor protein Bcl-2 (B-cell Leukemia 2). DHA-paclitaxel exhibits improved pharmacokinetic and toxicity profiles when compared to conventional paclitaxel and has demonstrated antineoplastic activity in animal models of cancer.
MedKoo Cat#: 206077
Chemical Formula: C69H81NO15
Exact Mass: 1163.56062
Molecular Weight: 1164.38
Elemental Analysis: C, 71.17; H, 7.01; N, 1.20; O, 20.61
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Synonym: DHA-paclitaxel; DHA-Taxol; DHA-Tax; Docosahexaenoic Acid-Paclitaxel conjugate; US brand name: Taxoprexin.
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (2aR,4S,4aS,6R,9S,11S,12S,12bS)-9-(((2R,3S)-3-benzamido-2-((4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaenoyloxy)-3-phenylpropanoyl)oxy)-12-(benzoyloxy)-4,11-dihydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-5-oxo-2a,3,4,4a,5,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-dodecahydro-1H-7,11-methanocyclodeca[3,4]benzo[1,2-b]oxete-6,12b-diyl diacetate.
InChi Key: LRCZQSDQZJBHAF-PUBGEWHCSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C69H81NO15/c1-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25-35-42-55(74)83-59(57(49-36-29-26-30-37-49)70-63(76)50-38-31-27-32-39-50)65(78)82-52-44-69(79)62(84-64(77)51-40-33-28-34-41-51)60-67(7,53(73)43-54-68(60,45-80-54)85-48(4)72)61(75)58(81-47(3)71)56(46(52)2)66(69,5)6/h9-10,12-13,15-16,18-19,21-22,24-34,36-41,52-54,57-60,62,73,79H,8,11,14,17,20,23,35,42-45H2,1-7H3,(H,70,76)/b10-9-,13-12-,16-15-,19-18-,22-21-,25-24-/t52-,53-,54+,57-,58+,59+,60-,62-,67+,68-,69+/m0/s1
SMILES Code: O=C1[C@H](OC(C)=O)C(C2(C)C)=C(C)[C@@H](OC([C@@H]([C@H](C3=CC=CC=C3)NC(C4=CC=CC=C4)=O)OC(CC/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\C/C=C\CC)=O)=O)C[C@@]2(O)[C@@H](OC(C5=CC=CC=C5)=O)[C@@]6([H])[C@@]1(C)[C@@H](O)C[C@@H]7[C@@]6(OC(C)=O)CO7
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 1164.38 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
1: Homsi J, Bedikian AY, Papadopoulos NE, Kim KB, Hwu WJ, Mahoney SL, Hwu P. Phase 2 open-label study of weekly docosahexaenoic acid-paclitaxel in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. Melanoma Res. 2010 Dec;20(6):507-10. doi: 10.1097/CMR.0b013e3283403ce9. PubMed PMID: 20881508.
2: Bedikian AY, DeConti RC, Conry R, Agarwala S, Papadopoulos N, Kim KB, Ernstoff M. Phase 3 study of docosahexaenoic acid-paclitaxel versus dacarbazine in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma. Ann Oncol. 2011 Apr;22(4):787-93. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdq438. Epub 2010 Sep 20. PubMed PMID: 20855467.
3: Homsi J, Bedikian AY, Kim KB, Papadopoulos NE, Hwu WJ, Mahoney SL, Hwu P. Phase 2 open-label study of weekly docosahexaenoic acid-paclitaxel in cutaneous and mucosal metastatic melanoma patients. Melanoma Res. 2009 Aug;19(4):238-42. doi: 10.1097/CMR.0b013e32832a1e2f. PubMed PMID: 19521262.
4: Tomillero A, Moral MA. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2008 May;30(4):313-31. PubMed PMID: 18773127.
5: Fracasso PM, Picus J, Wildi JD, Goodner SA, Creekmore AN, Gao F, Govindan R, Ellis MJ, Tan BR, Linette GP, Fu CJ, Pentikis HS, Zumbrun SC, Egorin MJ, Bellet RE. Phase 1 and pharmacokinetic study of weekly docosahexaenoic acid-paclitaxel, Taxoprexin, in resistant solid tumor malignancies. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2009 Feb;63(3):451-8. doi: 10.1007/s00280-008-0756-0. Epub 2008 Apr 15. PubMed PMID: 18414864.
6: Jones RJ, Hawkins RE, Eatock MM, Ferry DR, Eskens FA, Wilke H, Evans TR. A phase II open-label study of DHA-paclitaxel (Taxoprexin) by 2-h intravenous infusion in previously untreated patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric or oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2008 Mar;61(3):435-41. Epub 2007 Apr 18. PubMed PMID: 17440725.
7: Payne M, Ellis P, Dunlop D, Ranson M, Danson S, Schacter L, Talbot D. DHA-paclitaxel (Taxoprexin) as first-line treatment in patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer: report of a phase II open-label multicenter trial. J Thorac Oncol. 2006 Nov;1(9):984-90. PubMed PMID: 17409983.
8: Harries M, O'Donnell A, Scurr M, Reade S, Cole C, Judson I, Greystoke A, Twelves C, Kaye S. Phase I/II study of DHA-paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin in patients with advanced malignant solid tumours. Br J Cancer. 2004 Nov 1;91(9):1651-5. PubMed PMID: 15494716; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2410023.
9: BayÃ©s M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Apr;26(3):211-44. PubMed PMID: 15148527.
10: BayÃ©s M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Mar;26(2):129-61. PubMed PMID: 15071612.
DHA-paclitaxel (or Taxoprexin) is an investigational drug (from Protarga Inc) made by linking paclitaxel to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a fatty acid that is easily taken up by tumor cells; the DHA-paclitaxel Â“appears not to be cytotoxic until the bond with DHA is cleaved within the cell.Â” The advantage of DHA-paclitaxel over paclitaxel is DHA-paclitaxelÂ’s ability to carry much higher concentrations of paclitaxel to the cells, which are maintained for longer periods in the tumor cells, thus increasing their action. With increased activity, DHA-paclitaxel, also known as Taxoprexin, may have a more successful response in cancer patients than Taxol, and it may be able to treat more types of cancer than Taxol has been able to treat. In 2007, a phase II clinical trial reported "modest activity in patients with oesophago-gastric cancer". (source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DHA-paclitaxel).