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MedKoo CAT#: 205822
Description: Avanbulin, also known as BAL27862, is a novel synthetic potent inhibitor of tubulin polymerization that induces cancer cell death. BAL27862 is a novel microtubule-destabilizing drug that is currently undergoing phase I clinical evaluation as the prodrug BAL101553. BAL27862 elicits a unique microtubule (MT) phenotype, distinct from paclitaxel, vinblastine and colchicine, has broad in vitro anti-proliferative activity against a diverse range of human tumor lines (low nM IC50s) and induces significant antitumor responses in a range.
MedKoo Cat#: 205822
Chemical Formula: C20H17N7O2
Exact Mass: 387.14437
Molecular Weight: 387.39
Elemental Analysis: C, 62.01; H, 4.42; N, 25.31; O, 8.26
Synonym: BAL27862; BAL-27862; BAL 27862; Avanbulin
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 3-((4-(1-(2-(4-aminophenyl)-2-oxoethyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)amino)propanenitrile
InChi Key: LSFOZQQVTWFMNS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C20H17N7O2/c21-10-3-11-23-19-18(25-29-26-19)20-24-15-4-1-2-5-16(15)27(20)12-17(28)13-6-8-14(22)9-7-13/h1-2,4-9H,3,11-12,22H2,(H,23,26)
SMILES Code: N#CCCNC1=NON=C1C2=NC3=CC=CC=C3N2CC(C4=CC=C(N)C=C4)=O
BAL27862 is a novel MTA that triggers apoptosis in cancer cells. In vitro, BAL27862 destabilizes microtubules to produce a microtubule phenotype distinct from that observed with other MTAs, and retains its antiproliferative activity against P-gp overexpressing tumor cells. BAL27862, when administered intravenously or orally, induces significant antitumor responses in a range of animal models of human cancer, including tumors refractory to conventional treatments. BAL27862 overcomes P-gp overexpression-mediated resistance, and demonstrate that Bcl-2 status and tubulin modifications do not necessarily affect its antitumor activity. Analysis of MDs shows that BAL27862 elicited effects consistent with its destabilizing activity; suppression of MDs was 2-fold lower than observed with PTX. Strikingly, BAL27862 displayed a unique microtubule severing activity. Conclusions: Besides its microtubule-targeting activity, BAL27862 displays unique features in its mechanism of action that make it a promising compound for clinical investigation. (source: J Clin Oncol 28, 2010 (suppl; abstr e13589)
1: Prota AE, Danel F, Bachmann F, Bargsten K, Buey RM, Pohlmann J, Reinelt S, Lane H, Steinmetz MO. The novel microtubule-destabilizing drug BAL27862 binds to the colchicine site of tubulin with distinct effects on microtubule organization. J Mol Biol. 2014 Apr 17;426(8):1848-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2014.02.005. Epub 2014 Feb 11. PubMed PMID: 24530796.