Amonafide L-malate

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MedKoo CAT#: 200210

CAS#: 618863-54-0 (malate)

Description: Amonafide L-malate is the malate salt of amonafide, an imide derivative of naphthalic acid, with potential antineoplastic activity. Amonafide intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, resulting in DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) and inhibition of DNA replication and RNA synthesis.

Chemical Structure

Amonafide L-malate
CAS# 618863-54-0 (malate)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 200210
Name: Amonafide L-malate
CAS#: 618863-54-0 (malate)
Chemical Formula: C20H23N3O7
Exact Mass: 0.00
Molecular Weight: 417.410
Elemental Analysis: C, 57.55; H, 5.55; N, 10.07; O, 26.83

Price and Availability

This product is not in stock, which may be available by custom synthesis. For cost-effective reason, minimum order is 1g (price is usually high, lead time is 2~3 months, depending on the technical challenge). Quote less than 1g will not be provided. To request quote, please email to sales or click below button.
Note: Price will be listed if it is available in the future.

Related CAS #: 69408-81-7 (free base)   150091-68-2 (2HCl)   618863-54-0 (malate)   618863-60-8    

Synonym: Amonafide L-malate; AS1413; AS 1413; AS-1413; XLS001; XLS 001; XLS-001; Xanafide.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 5-amino-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-1H-benzo[de]isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione L-malate


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C16H17N3O2.C4H6O5/c1-18(2)6-7-19-15(20)12-5-3-4-10-8-11(17)9-13(14(10)12)16(19)21;5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h3-5,8-9H,6-7,17H2,1-2H3;2,5H,1H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)


Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

More Info: According to, Amonafide (originally AS1413) (INN, trade name Quinamed) is a drug that is being studied in the treatment of cancer. It belongs to the families of drugs called topoisomerase inhibitors and DNA intercalators. It is being developed as an anti-cancer therapy by Antisoma. As of 2008, it is in Phase III clinical trials. eg In March 2010 it is Phase III trial against secondary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). (also see Antisoma's webpage:    

Biological target:
In vitro activity:
In vivo activity:

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 417.41 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL
Formulation protocol:
In vitro protocol:
In vivo protocol:

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1: Chen Z, Liang X, Zhang H, Xie H, Liu J, Xu Y, Zhu W, Wang Y, Wang X, Tan S, Kuang D, Qian X. A new class of naphthalimide-based antitumor agents that inhibit topoisomerase II and induce lysosomal membrane permeabilization and apoptosis. J   Med Chem. 2010 Mar 25;53(6):2589-600. PubMed PMID: 20170164.