Amonafide dihydrochloride

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MedKoo CAT#: 200200

CAS#: 150091-68-2 (2HCl)

Description: Amonafide dihydrochloride is the dihydrochloride salt of amonafide, an imide derivative of naphthalic acid. Amonafide intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, resulting in protein-associated strand breaks and impaired DNA and RNA synthesis.

Chemical Structure

Amonafide dihydrochloride
CAS# 150091-68-2 (2HCl)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 200200
Name: Amonafide dihydrochloride
CAS#: 150091-68-2 (2HCl)
Chemical Formula: C16H19Cl2N3O2
Exact Mass:
Molecular Weight: 283.32508
Elemental Analysis: C, 53.94; H, 5.38; Cl, 19.90; N, 11.80; O, 8.98

Size Price Shipping out time Quantity
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Pricing updated 2021-02-25. Prices are subject to change without notice.

Amonafide dihydrochloride, purity > 98%, is not in stock, may be available through custom synthesis. For cost-effective reason, minimum 1 gram order is requested. The product will be characterized by NMR, HPLC and MS analysis. Purity (HPLC) is usually >98%. CoA, QC data, MSDS will be provided when product is successfully made. The estimated lead time is 2-3 months. Please send email to to inquire quote.

Related CAS #: 69408-81-7 (free base)   150091-68-2 (2HCl)   618863-54-0 (malate)   618863-60-8    

Synonym: amonafide; amonafide hydrochloride; benzisoquinolinedione; nafidimide. US brand name: Quinamed. Abbreviations: AMON. BIDA. Code name: MFA142.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 5-amino-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-1H-benzo[de]isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione dihydrochloride


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C16H17N3O2.2ClH/c1-18(2)6-7-19-15(20)12-5-3-4-10-8-11(17)9-13(14(10)12)16(19)21;;/h3-5,8-9H,6-7,17H2,1-2H3;2*1H

SMILES Code: O=C1N(CCN(C)C)C(C2=CC(N)=CC3=CC=CC1=C23)=O.[H]Cl.[H]Cl

Solid powder

>98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition:
Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition:
Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life:
>5 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation:
This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage:
0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code:

Handling Instructions:

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 283.32508 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Select a batch to recalculate based on the batch molecular weight:
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Chen Z, Liang X, Zhang H, Xie H, Liu J, Xu Y, Zhu W, Wang Y, Wang X, Tan S, Kuang D, Qian X. A new class of naphthalimide-based antitumor agents that inhibit topoisomerase II and induce lysosomal membrane permeabilization and apoptosis. J Med Chem. 2010 Mar 25;53(6):2589-600. PubMed PMID: 20170164.

2: Lv M, Xu H. Overview of naphthalimide analogs as anticancer agents. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(36):4797-813. Review. PubMed PMID: 19929786.

3: Zhu H, Miao ZH, Huang M, Feng JM, Zhang ZX, Lu JJ, Cai YJ, Tong LJ, Xu YF, Qian XH, Ding J. Naphthalimides induce G(2) arrest through the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells. Neoplasia. 2009 Nov;11(11):1226-34. PubMed PMID: 19881958; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2767224.

4: Mei ZH, Tian ZY, Ma HX, Xie SQ, Zhao J, Wang CJ. [Synthesis and in vitro cytotoxicity of naphthalimide polyamine conjugates as antitumor agents]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2009 Jul;44(7):754-7. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 19806915.

5: Allen SL, Kolitz JE, Lundberg AS, Bennett JM, Capizzi RL, Budman DR. Phase I trials of amonafide as monotherapy and in combination with cytarabine in patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia. Leuk Res. 2010 Apr;34(4):487-91. Epub 2009 Sep 12. PubMed PMID: 19748672.

6: Wu A, Xu Y, Qian X, Wang J, Liu J. Novel naphthalimide derivatives as potential apoptosis-inducing agents: design, synthesis and biological evaluation. Eur J Med Chem. 2009 Nov;44(11):4674-80. Epub 2009 Jul 16. PubMed PMID: 19643513.

7: Wang J, Wu A, Xu Y, Liu J, Qian X. M(2)-A induces apoptosis and G(2)-M arrest via inhibiting PI3K/Akt pathway in HL60 cells. Cancer Lett. 2009 Oct 8;283(2):193-202. Epub 2009 May 10. PubMed PMID: 19435648.

8: Ingrassia L, Lefranc F, Kiss R, Mijatovic T. Naphthalimides and azonafides as promising anti-cancer agents. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(10):1192-213. Review. PubMed PMID: 19355879.

9: Tallman M. Existing and emerging therapeutic options for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2008 Nov;6(11):3-5. PubMed PMID: 19205108.

10: Xie L, Xu Y, Wang F, Liu J, Qian X, Cui J. Synthesis of new amonafide analogues via coupling reaction and their cytotoxic evaluation and DNA-binding studies. Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Jan 15;17(2):804-10. Epub 2008 Nov 27. PubMed PMID: 19070496.

Additional Information