Amonafide dihydrochloride

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MedKoo CAT#: 200200

CAS#: 150091-68-2 (2HCl)

Description: Amonafide dihydrochloride is the dihydrochloride salt of amonafide, an imide derivative of naphthalic acid. Amonafide intercalates into DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, resulting in protein-associated strand breaks and impaired DNA and RNA synthesis.

Chemical Structure

Amonafide dihydrochloride
CAS# 150091-68-2 (2HCl)

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 200200
Name: Amonafide dihydrochloride
CAS#: 150091-68-2 (2HCl)
Chemical Formula: C16H19Cl2N3O2
Exact Mass: 0.00
Molecular Weight: 283.325
Elemental Analysis: C, 53.94; H, 5.38; Cl, 19.90; N, 11.80; O, 8.98

Price and Availability

This product is not in stock, which may be available by custom synthesis. For cost-effective reason, minimum order is 1g (price is usually high, lead time is 2~3 months, depending on the technical challenge). Quote less than 1g will not be provided. To request quote, please email to sales or click below button.
Note: Price will be listed if it is available in the future.

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Related CAS #: 69408-81-7 (free base)   150091-68-2 (2HCl)   618863-54-0 (malate)   618863-60-8    

Synonym: amonafide; amonafide hydrochloride; benzisoquinolinedione; nafidimide. US brand name: Quinamed. Abbreviations: AMON. BIDA. Code name: MFA142.

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 5-amino-2-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-1H-benzo[de]isoquinoline-1,3(2H)-dione dihydrochloride


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C16H17N3O2.2ClH/c1-18(2)6-7-19-15(20)12-5-3-4-10-8-11(17)9-13(14(10)12)16(19)21;;/h3-5,8-9H,6-7,17H2,1-2H3;2*1H

SMILES Code: O=C1N(CCN(C)C)C(C2=CC(N)=CC3=CC=CC1=C23)=O.[H]Cl.[H]Cl

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life: >5 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

More Info:    

Biological target:
In vitro activity:
In vivo activity:

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 283.33 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL
Formulation protocol:
In vitro protocol:
In vivo protocol:

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1: Chen Z, Liang X, Zhang H, Xie H, Liu J, Xu Y, Zhu W, Wang Y, Wang X, Tan S, Kuang D, Qian X. A new class of naphthalimide-based antitumor agents that inhibit topoisomerase II and induce lysosomal membrane permeabilization and apoptosis. J Med Chem. 2010 Mar 25;53(6):2589-600. PubMed PMID: 20170164.

2: Lv M, Xu H. Overview of naphthalimide analogs as anticancer agents. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(36):4797-813. Review. PubMed PMID: 19929786.

3: Zhu H, Miao ZH, Huang M, Feng JM, Zhang ZX, Lu JJ, Cai YJ, Tong LJ, Xu YF, Qian XH, Ding J. Naphthalimides induce G(2) arrest through the ATM-activated Chk2-executed pathway in HCT116 cells. Neoplasia. 2009 Nov;11(11):1226-34. PubMed PMID: 19881958; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2767224.

4: Mei ZH, Tian ZY, Ma HX, Xie SQ, Zhao J, Wang CJ. [Synthesis and in vitro cytotoxicity of naphthalimide polyamine conjugates as antitumor agents]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2009 Jul;44(7):754-7. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 19806915.

5: Allen SL, Kolitz JE, Lundberg AS, Bennett JM, Capizzi RL, Budman DR. Phase I trials of amonafide as monotherapy and in combination with cytarabine in patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia. Leuk Res. 2010 Apr;34(4):487-91. Epub 2009 Sep 12. PubMed PMID: 19748672.

6: Wu A, Xu Y, Qian X, Wang J, Liu J. Novel naphthalimide derivatives as potential apoptosis-inducing agents: design, synthesis and biological evaluation. Eur J Med Chem. 2009 Nov;44(11):4674-80. Epub 2009 Jul 16. PubMed PMID: 19643513.

7: Wang J, Wu A, Xu Y, Liu J, Qian X. M(2)-A induces apoptosis and G(2)-M arrest via inhibiting PI3K/Akt pathway in HL60 cells. Cancer Lett. 2009 Oct 8;283(2):193-202. Epub 2009 May 10. PubMed PMID: 19435648.

8: Ingrassia L, Lefranc F, Kiss R, Mijatovic T. Naphthalimides and azonafides as promising anti-cancer agents. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(10):1192-213. Review. PubMed PMID: 19355879.

9: Tallman M. Existing and emerging therapeutic options for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2008 Nov;6(11):3-5. PubMed PMID: 19205108.

10: Xie L, Xu Y, Wang F, Liu J, Qian X, Cui J. Synthesis of new amonafide analogues via coupling reaction and their cytotoxic evaluation and DNA-binding studies. Bioorg Med Chem. 2009 Jan 15;17(2):804-10. Epub 2008 Nov 27. PubMed PMID: 19070496.