WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 100580
CAS#: 148-82-3 (HCl)
Description: Melphalan is an orally available phenylalanine derivative of nitrogen mustard with antineoplastic activity. Melphalan alkylates DNA at the N7 position of guanine and induces DNA inter-strand cross-linkages, resulting in the inhibition of DNA and RNA synthesis and cytotoxicity against both dividing and non-dividing tumor cells.
MedKoo Cat#: 100580
Name: Melphalan Hydrochloride
CAS#: 148-82-3 (HCl)
Chemical Formula: C13H18Cl2N2O2
Molecular Weight: 305.2
Elemental Analysis: C, 51.16; H, 5.94; Cl, 23.23; N, 9.18; O, 10.48
Synonym: Lsarcolysine; phenylalanine mustard; Alkeran. Alkerana; Melfalan; Melphalanum; Sarkolysin. LPAM. CB3025; WR19813 .
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (S)-2-amino-3-(4-(bis(2-chloroethyl)amino)phenyl)propanoic acid hydrochloride
InChi Key: OUUYBRCCFUEMLH-YDALLXLXSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C13H18Cl2N2O2.ClH/c14-5-7-17(8-6-15)11-3-1-10(2-4-11)9-12(16)13(18)19;/h1-4,12H,5-9,16H2,(H,18,19);1H/t12-;/m0./s1
SMILES Code: O=C(O)[C@@H](N)CC1=CC=C(N(CCCl)CCCl)C=C1.[H]Cl
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 305.2 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
M elphalan is used to treat multiple myeloma and ovarian cancer, and occasionally malignant melanoma. The agent was first investigated as a possible drug for use in melanoma. It was not found to be effective, but has been found to be effective in the treatment of myeloma. Adminstration: oral or intravenous; dosing varies by purpose and route of administration as well as patient weight.
Melphalan, also known as L-phenylalanine mustard, phenylalanine mustard, L-PAM, or L-sarcolysin, is a phenylalanine derivative of nitrogen mustard. Melphalan is a bifunctional alkylating agent that is active against selected human neoplastic diseases. It is known chemically as 4-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]-L-phenylalanine. The molecular formula is C13H18Cl2N2O2 and the molecular weight is 305.20. Melphalan is the active L-isomer of the compound and was first synthesized in 1953 by Bergel and Stock; the D-isomer, known as medphalan, is less active against certain animal tumors, and the dose needed to produce effects on chromosomes is larger than that required with the L-isomer. The racemic (DL-) form is known as merphalan or sarcolysin. Melphalan is practically insoluble in water and has a pKa1 of ~2.5. ALKERAN for Injection is supplied as a sterile, nonpyrogenic, freeze-dried powder. Each single-use vial contains melphalan hydrochloride equivalent to 50 mg melphalan and 20 mg povidone. ALKERAN for Injection is reconstituted using the sterile diluent provided. Each vial of sterile diluent contains sodium citrate 0.2 g, propylene glycol 6.0 mL, ethanol (96%) 0.52 mL, and Water for Injection to a total of 10 mL. ALKERAN for Injection is administered intravenously.