WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 100560
CAS#: 55-86-7 (HCl)
Description: Mechlorethamine, an antineoplastic nitrogen mustard also known as HN2 hydrochloride, is a nitrogen analog of sulfur mustard. It is a light yellow brown, crystalline, hygroscopic powder that is very soluble in water and also soluble in alcohol. (Source: http://www.rxlist.com/mustargen-drug.htm).
MedKoo Cat#: 100560
Name: Mechlorethamine HCl
CAS#: 55-86-7 (HCl)
Chemical Formula: C5H12Cl3N
Molecular Weight: 192.51448
Elemental Analysis: C, 31.19; H, 6.28; Cl, 55.25; N, 7.28
Mechlorethamine HCl, purity > 98%, is in stock. Current shipping out time is about 2 weeks after order is received. CoA, QC data and MSDS documents are available in one week after order is received.
Synonym: chloramin; chlorethamine HCl; chlorethamine hydrochloride
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 2-chloro-N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-methylethanamine hydrochloride
InChi Key: QZIQJVCYUQZDIR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C5H11Cl2N.ClH/c1-8(4-2-6)5-3-7;/h2-5H2,1H3;1H
SMILES Code: ClCCN(CCCl)C.[H]Cl
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 192.51448 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
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mechlorethamine hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt of mechlorethamine, a nitrogen mustard and an analogue of sulfur mustard, with antineoplastic and immunosuppressive activities. Mechlorethamine is metabolized to an unstable, highly reactive ethyleniminium intemediate that alkylates DNA, particularly the 7 nitrogen of guanine residues, resulting in DNA base pair mismatching, DNA interstrand crosslinking, the inhibition of DNA repair and synthesis, cell-cycle arrest, and apoptosis. This agent also exhibits lympholytic properties. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Successful clinical use of mechlorethamine gave birth to the field of anticancer chemotherapy. The drug is an analogue of mustard gas and was derived from chemical warfare research, in particular a 1943 accident in Bari, Italy which exposed civilians and soldiers-- it was noted that white cell counts of exposed patients decreased, suggesting a possible therapy for the cancer Hodgkin's lymphoma.
MUSTARGEN, an antineoplastic nitrogen mustard also known as HN2 hydrochloride, is a nitrogen analog of sulfur mustard. It is a light yellow brown, crystalline, hygroscopic powder that is very soluble in water and also soluble in alcohol. Mechlorethamine hydrochloride is designated chemically as 2-chloro-N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-methylethanamine hydrochloride. The molecular weight is 192.52 and the melting point is 108-111Â°C. The empirical formula is C5H11Cl2NÂ•HCl, and the structural formula is: CH3N(CH2CH2Cl)2Â•HCl. Trituration of MUSTARGEN is a sterile, light yellow brown crystalline powder for injection by the intravenous or intracavitary routes after dissolution. Each vial of MUSTARGEN contains 10 mg of mechlorethamine hydrochloride triturated with sodium chloride q.s. 100 mg. When dissolved with 10 mL Sterile Water for Injection or 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, the resulting solution has a pH of 3-5 at a concentration of 1 mg mechlorethamine HCl per mL.