WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 100110
Description: Busulfan (Myleran, GlaxoSmithKline, Busulfex IV, Otsuka America Pharmaceutical, Inc.) is a cancer drug, in use since 1959. Busulfan is a cell cycle non-specific alkylating antineoplastic agent, in the class of alkyl sulfonates. Its chemical designation is 1,4-butanediol dimethanesulfonate.
MedKoo Cat#: 100110
Chemical Formula: C6H14O6S2
Exact Mass: 246.02318
Molecular Weight: 246.3
Elemental Analysis: C, 29.26; H, 5.73; O, 38.98; S, 26.04
Synonym: BSF; Bussulfam; Busulfanum; busulphan; glyzophrol; methanesulfonic acid tetramethylene ester; Myeleukon; Myeloleukon; Myelosan; Mylecytan; Sulfabutin; tetramethylene bis(methanesulfonate); US brand names: Busulfex; Mitosan; Myleran; Foreign brand names: Mielucin; Misulban; Misulfan; Abbreviations: BU; BUS; Code names: CB2041; GT41; WR19508; Chemical structure names: ; 14bis(methanesulfonoxy)butane; 14bitanediol dimethanesulfonate esters; 14butanediol dimethylsulfonate; 14di(methanesulfonyloxy)butane; 14di(methylsulfonyloxy)butane.
IUPAC/Chemical Name: butane-1,4-diyl dimethanesulfonate
InChi Key: COVZYZSDYWQREU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C6H14O6S2/c1-13(7,8)11-5-3-4-6-12-14(2,9)10/h3-6H2,1-2H3
SMILES Code: CS(=O)(OCCCCOS(C)(=O)=O)=O
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >97% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2905591000
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 246.3 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
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Busulfan is a synthetic derivative of dimethane-sulfonate with antineoplastic and cytotoxic properties. Although its mechanism of action is not fully understood, busulfan appears to act through the alkylation of DNA. Following systemic absorption of busulfan, carbonium ions are formed, resulting in DNA alkylation and DNA breaks and inhibition of DNA replication and RNA transcription. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)
Busulfan was the mainstay of the chemotherapeutic treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) until it was displaced by the new gold standard, Imatinib, though it is still in use to a degree as a result of the drug's relative inexpense. From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busulfan.
Busulfan is a bifunctional alkylating agent known chemically as 1,4- butanediol, dimethanesulfonate. BUSULFEXÂ® (busulfan) Injection is intended for intravenous administration. It is supplied as a clear, colorless, sterile, solution in 10 mL single use vials. Each vial of BUSULFEX contains 60 mg (6 mg/mL) of busulfan, the active ingredient, a white crystalline powder with a molecular formula of CH3SO2O(CH2)4OSO2CH3 and a molecular weight of 246 g/mole. Busulfan is dissolved in N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) 33% vol/vol and Polyethylene Glycol 400, 67% vol/vol. The solubility of busulfan in water is 0.1 g/L and the pH of BUSULFEX diluted to approximately 0.5 mg/mL busulfan in 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP as recommended for infusion reflects the pH of the diluent used and ranges from 3.4 to 3.9. BUSULFEX is intended for dilution with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP prior to intravenous infusion.
Mechanism of Action
Busulfan is a bifunctional alkylating agent in which two labile methanesulfonate groups are attached to opposite ends of a four-carbon alkyl chain. In aqueous media, busulfan hydrolyzes to release the methanesulfonate groups. This produces reactive carbonium ions that can alkylate DNA. DNA damage is thought to be responsible for much of the cytotoxicity of busulfan.