WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 510231
Description: Losmapimod, also know as GW856553 or GW856553X or GSK-AHAB, is a drug developed by GlaxoSmithKline which acts as a selective inhibitor of the enzyme family known as p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases. p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases are mediators of inflammation. A Phase II human clinical trial for the treatment of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is underway. Inhibiting these enzymes has been shown to produce antidepressant and antipsychotic effects in animal studies, with the mechanism thought to involve increased neurogenesis probably related to BDNF release.
MedKoo Cat#: 510231
Chemical Formula: C22H26FN3O2
Exact Mass: 383.20091
Molecular Weight: 383.46
Elemental Analysis: C, 68.91; H, 6.83; F, 4.95; N, 10.96; O, 8.34
Synonym: Losmapimod; GW856553; GW-856553; GW 856553; GSK-AHAB;
IUPAC/Chemical Name: 6-[5-(cyclopropylcarbamoyl)-3-fluoro-2-methylphenyl]-N-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)pyridine-3-carboxamide.
InChi Key: KKYABQBFGDZVNQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H26FN3O2/c1-13-17(9-15(10-18(13)23)21(28)26-16-6-7-16)19-8-5-14(11-24-19)20(27)25-12-22(2,3)4/h5,8-11,16H,6-7,12H2,1-4H3,(H,25,27)(H,26,28)
SMILES Code: O=C(C1=CC=C(C2=CC(C(NC3CC3)=O)=CC(F)=C2C)N=C1)NCC(C)(C)C
Appearance: white solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO, not in water
Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 383.46 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
1: Yang S, Beerahee M. Losmapimod concentration-QT relationship in healthy volunteers: meta-analysis of data from six clinical trials. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 Jun;69(6):1261-7. doi: 10.1007/s00228-012-1469-1. Epub 2013 Jan 17. PubMed PMID: 23325437.
2: Yang S, Lukey P, Beerahee M, Hoke F. Population pharmacokinetics of losmapimod in healthy subjects and patients with rheumatoid arthritis and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2013 Mar;52(3):187-98. doi: 10.1007/s40262-012-0025-6. PubMed PMID: 23254770.
3: Dewenter M, Vettel C, El-Armouche A. [Losmapimod: a novel drug against cardiovascular diseases?]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2013 Jan;138(1-2):39-42. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1327368. Epub 2012 Dec 18. Review. German. PubMed PMID: 23250695.
4: Ostenfeld T, Krishen A, Lai RY, Bullman J, Baines AJ, Green J, Anand P, Kelly M. Analgesic efficacy and safety of the novel p38 MAP kinase inhibitor, losmapimod, in patients with neuropathic pain following peripheral nerve injury: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Eur J Pain. 2013 Jul;17(6):844-57. doi: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2012.00256.x. Epub 2012 Dec 14. PubMed PMID: 23239139.
5: Barbour AM, Sarov-Blat L, Cai G, Fossler MJ, Sprecher DL, Graggaber J, McGeoch AT, Maison J, Cheriyan J. Safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of losmapimod following a single intravenous or oral dose in healthy volunteers. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2013 Jul;76(1):99-106. doi: 10.1111/bcp.12063. PubMed PMID: 23215699; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3703232.
6: Melloni C, Sprecher DL, Sarov-Blat L, Patel MR, Heitner JF, Hamm CW, Aylward P, Tanguay JF, DeWinter RJ, Marber MS, Lerman A, Hasselblad V, Granger CB, Newby LK. The study of LoSmapimod treatment on inflammation and InfarCtSizE (SOLSTICE): design and rationale. Am Heart J. 2012 Nov;164(5):646-653.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.07.030. Epub 2012 Oct 16. PubMed PMID: 23137494.
7: Elkhawad M, Rudd JH, Sarov-Blat L, Cai G, Wells R, Davies LC, Collier DJ, Marber MS, Choudhury RP, Fayad ZA, Tawakol A, Gleeson FV, Lepore JJ, Davis B, Willette RN, Wilkinson IB, Sprecher DL, Cheriyan J. Effects of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibition on vascular and systemic inflammation in patients with atherosclerosis. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 2012 Sep;5(9):911-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmg.2012.02.016. PubMed PMID: 22974804.
8: Lomas DA, Lipson DA, Miller BE, Willits L, Keene O, Barnacle H, Barnes NC, Tal-Singer R; Losmapimod Study Investigators. An oral inhibitor of p38 MAP kinase reduces plasma fibrinogen in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Clin Pharmacol. 2012 Mar;52(3):416-24. doi: 10.1177/0091270010397050. Epub 2011 Nov 16. PubMed PMID: 22090363.
9: Cheriyan J, Webb AJ, Sarov-Blat L, Elkhawad M, Wallace SM, MÃ¤ki-PetÃ¤jÃ¤ KM, Collier DJ, Morgan J, Fang Z, Willette RN, Lepore JJ, Cockcroft JR, Sprecher DL, Wilkinson IB. Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase improves nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation and reduces inflammation in hypercholesterolemia. Circulation. 2011 Feb 8;123(5):515-23. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.971986. Epub 2011 Jan 24. PubMed PMID: 21262998.
10: Welchman R. Advances and Progress in Drug Design - SMi's ninth annual meeting. IDrugs. 2010 Apr;13(4):239-42. PubMed PMID: 20373252.
11: Willette RN, Eybye ME, Olzinski AR, Behm DJ, Aiyar N, Maniscalco K, Bentley RG, Coatney RW, Zhao S, Westfall TD, Doe CP. Differential effects of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors in a model of cardiovascular disease. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009 Sep;330(3):964-70. doi: 10.1124/jpet.109.154443. Epub 2009 Jun 25. PubMed PMID: 19556450.