Tenofovir diphosphate sodium salt
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MedKoo CAT#: 574242

CAS#: Unknown

Description: Tenofovir diphosphate sodium salt is an inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase and hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase. It is selective for these enzymes over DNA polymerase α and β, as well as mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ. Tenofovir diphosphate is formed intracellularly through phosphorylation of the prodrugs tenofovir and tenofovir disoproxil by nucleotide kinases. Increased levels of tenofovir diphosphate in isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) correlate with a decrease in the risk of simian HIV (SHIV) acquisition in a macaque model of rectal SHIV transmission.


Chemical Structure

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Tenofovir diphosphate sodium salt
CAS# Unknown

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 574242
Name: Tenofovir diphosphate sodium salt
CAS#: Unknown
Chemical Formula: C9H16N5Na2O10P32
Exact Mass: 492.99
Molecular Weight: 493.150
Elemental Analysis: C, 21.92; H, 3.27; N, 14.20; Na, 9.32; O, 32.44; P, 18.84

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Synonym: PMPApp, Tenofovir diphosphate sodium salt, TFV-DP

IUPAC/Chemical Name: (R)-(((1-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)propan-2-yl)oxy)methyl)phosphonic diphosphoric anhydride, disodium salt

InChi Key: UVTVQFZBKQKROA-QYCVXMPOSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C9H16N5O10P3.2Na/c1-6(2-14-4-13-7-8(10)11-3-12-9(7)14)22-5-25(15,16)23-27(20,21)24-26(17,18)19;;/h3-4,6H,2,5H2,1H3,(H,15,16)(H,20,21)(H2,10,11,12)

SMILES Code: O=P(OP(OP(O)(O)=O)(O)=O)(O)CO[C@H](C)CN1C=NC2=C(N)N=CN=C21.[Na+].[Na+]

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >95% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shelf Life: >3 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

More Info:

Biological target:
In vitro activity:
In vivo activity:

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 493.15 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL
Formulation protocol:
In vitro protocol:
In vivo protocol:

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1. Cherrington, J.M., Allen, S.J.W., Bischofberger, N., et al. Kinetic interaction of the diphosphates of 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine and other anti-HIV active purine congeners with HIV reverse transcriptase and human DNA polymerases α, β and γ. Antivir. Chem. Chemother. 6(4), 217-221 (1995).

2. Delaney, W.E., IV, Ray, A.S., Yang, H., et al. Intracellular metabolism and in vitro activity of tenofovir against hepatitis B virus. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50(7), 2471-2477 (2006).

3. Robbins, B.L., Srinivas, R.V., Kim, C., et al. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus activity and cellular metabolism of a potential prodrug of the acyclic nucleoside phosphonate 9-R-(2-phosphonomethoxypropyl)adenine (PMPA), bis(isopropyloxymethylcarbonyl)PMPA. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 42(3), 612-617 (1998).

4. Anderson, P.L., Glidden, D.V., Bushman, L.R., et al. Tenofovir diphosphate concentrations and prophylactic effect in a macaque model of rectal simian HIV transmission. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 69(9), 2470-2476 (2014).