WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.
MedKoo CAT#: 574006
Description: Pyrenophorol is a fungal metabolite that has been found in Alternaria and has diverse biological activities. It inhibits human topoisomerase II α when used at concentrations of 75 and 100 μM. It is active against S. cerevisiae (MIC = 4 μM) and M. violaceum. Pyrenophorol induces leaf necrosis and chlorophyll retention in wild oats when used at a concentration of 64 μM.
MedKoo Cat#: 574006
Chemical Formula: C16H24O6
Exact Mass: 312.1573
Molecular Weight: 312.36
Elemental Analysis: C, 61.52; H, 7.74; O, 30.73
IUPAC/Chemical Name: (3E,5S,8R,11E,13S,16R)-5,13-dihydroxy-8,16-dimethyl-1,9-dioxacyclohexadeca-3,11-diene-2,10-dione
InChi Key: RBQNDQOKFICJGL-UTBFYLPBSA-N
InChi Code: InChI=1S/C16H24O6/c1-11-3-5-13(17)8-10-16(20)22-12(2)4-6-14(18)7-9-15(19)21-11/h7-14,17-18H,3-6H2,1-2H3/b9-7+,10-8+/t11-,12-,13+,14+/m1/s1
SMILES Code: O=C(O[C@H](C)CC[C@H](O)/C=C/1)/C=C/[C@@H](O)CC[C@@H](C)OC1=O
Appearance: Solid powder
Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)
Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.
Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).
Solubility: Soluble in DMSO
Shelf Life: >3 years if stored properly
Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO
Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).
HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001
The following data is based on the product molecular weight 312.36 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.
|Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass||1 mg||5 mg||10 mg|
|1 mM||1.15 mL||5.76 mL||11.51 mL|
|5 mM||0.23 mL||1.15 mL||2.3 mL|
|10 mM||0.12 mL||0.58 mL||1.15 mL|
|50 mM||0.02 mL||0.12 mL||0.23 mL|
1. Jarolim, K., Del Favero, G., Ellmer, D., et al. Dual effectiveness of Alternaria but not Fusarium mycotoxins against human topoisomerase II and bacterial gyrase. Arch. Toxicol. 91(4), 2007-2016 (2016).
2. Sumarah, M.W., Kesting, J.R., Sørensen, D., et al. Antifungal metabolites from fungal endophytes of Pinus strobus. Phytochemistry 72(14-15), 1833-1837 (2011).
3. Kastanias, M.A., and Chrysayi-Tokousbalides, M. Comparative phytotoxicity of pyrenophorin and pyrenophorol isolated from a Drechslera avenae pathotype. 1999 Brighton crop protection conference: Weeds 2, 581-582 (1999).