WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 591741

CAS#: 90-46-0

Description: Xanthydrol is an organic chemical compound. Its formula is C₁₃H₁₀O₂. Its total molecular weight is 198.221 g/mol. Xanthydrol is used to test the levels of urea in the bloodstream.

Chemical Structure

CAS# 90-46-0

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 591741
Name: Xanthydrol
CAS#: 90-46-0
Chemical Formula: C13H10O2
Exact Mass: 198.0681
Molecular Weight: 198.22
Elemental Analysis: C, 78.77; H, 5.09; O, 16.14

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
25.0g USD 350.0 2 Weeks
100.0g USD 920.0 2 Weeks
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Synonym: Xanthydrol; NSC 4038; NSC-4038; NSC4038

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 9H-Xanthen-9-ol


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C13H10O2/c14-13-9-5-1-3-7-11(9)15-12-8-4-2-6-10(12)13/h1-8,13-14H


Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shelf Life: >3 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.03.00

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 198.22 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

Molarity Calculator

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*When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and SDS / CoA (available online).

Reconstitution Calculator

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Dilution Calculator

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1: Tu Q, Qi W, Zhao J, Zhang L, Guo Y. Quantification ethyl carbamate in wines using reaction-assisted-extraction with 9-xanthydrol and detection by heart-cutting multidimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta. 2018 Feb 25;1001:86-92. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2017.11.022. Epub 2017 Nov 14. PubMed PMID: 29291810.

2: Vismeh R, Haddad D, Moore J, Nielson C, Bals B, Campbell T, Julian A, Teymouri F, Jones AD, Bringi V. Exposure Assessment of Acetamide in Milk, Beef, and Coffee Using Xanthydrol Derivatization and Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Jan 10;66(1):298-305. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02229. Epub 2017 Dec 27. PubMed PMID: 29186951; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5765534.

3: Legrand T, Rakotoson MG, Galactéros F, Bartolucci P, Hulin A. Determination of hydroxyurea in human plasma by HPLC-UV using derivatization with xanthydrol. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2017 Oct 1;1064:85-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.09.008. Epub 2017 Sep 7. PubMed PMID: 28915422.

4: Zokaei M, Abedi AS, Kamankesh M, Shojaee-Aliababadi S, Mohammadi A. Ultrasonic-assisted extraction and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as an efficient and sensitive method for determining of acrylamide in potato chips samples. Food Chem. 2017 Nov 1;234:55-61. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.04.141. Epub 2017 Apr 30. PubMed PMID: 28551267.

5: Hülsemann F, Koehler K, Flenker U, Schänzer W. Do we excrete what we eat? Analysis of stable nitrogen isotope ratios of human urinary urea. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2017 Jul 30;31(14):1221-1227. doi: 10.1002/rcm.7891. PubMed PMID: 28466567.

6: Luo L, Lei HT, Yang JY, Liu GL, Sun YM, Bai WD, Wang H, Shen YD, Chen S, Xu ZL. Development of an indirect ELISA for the determination of ethyl carbamate in Chinese rice wine. Anal Chim Acta. 2017 Jan 15;950:162-169. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2016.11.008. Epub 2016 Nov 14. PubMed PMID: 27916121.

7: Melissen ST, Tognetti V, Dupas G, Jouanneau J, Lê G, Joubert L. A DFT study of the formation of xanthydrol motifs during electrophilic poly(aryl ether ketone) synthesis. J Mol Model. 2016 Jan;22(1):18. doi: 10.1007/s00894-015-2861-4. Epub 2015 Dec 22. PubMed PMID: 26696543.

8: Zeng Q, Zhang J, Xu D, Zhang Z, Ke Z. [Determination of urea in canned foods by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection coupled with precolumn derivatization]. Se Pu. 2015 Jan;33(1):80-3. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 25958673.

9: Wu PG, Ma BJ, Wang LY, Shen XH, Zhang J, Tan Y, Jiang W. [Detection of methyl carbamate and ethyl carbamate in yellow rice wine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2013 Nov;47(11):1056-9. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 24507238.

10: Yang EY, Shin HS. Trace level determinations of carbamate pesticides in surface water by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after derivatization with 9-xanthydrol. J Chromatogr A. 2013 Aug 30;1305:328-32. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2013.07.055. Epub 2013 Jul 19. PubMed PMID: 23890551.

11: Lim HH, Shin HS. Ultra trace level determinations of acrylamide in surface and drinking water by GC-MS after derivatization with xanthydrol. J Sep Sci. 2013 Sep;36(18):3059-66. doi: 10.1002/jssc.201300209. Epub 2013 Aug 6. PubMed PMID: 23836628.

12: Cho YH, Shin HS. Determination of trace levels of acetamide, propanamide, and butyramide in surface and drinking water using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after derivatization with 9-xanthydrol. Anal Chim Acta. 2013 Jul 17;787:111-7. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2013.06.013. Epub 2013 Jun 19. PubMed PMID: 23830428.

13: Ajtony Z, Szoboszlai N, Bencs L, Viszket E, Mihucz VG. Determination of ethyl carbamate in wine by high performance liquid chromatography. Food Chem. 2013 Nov 15;141(2):1301-5. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.04.011. Epub 2013 Apr 18. PubMed PMID: 23790917.

14: de Resende Machado AM, Cardoso Md, Saczk AA, dos Anjos JP, Zacaroni LM, Dórea HS, Nelson DL. Determination of ethyl carbamate in cachaça produced from copper stills by HPLC. Food Chem. 2013 Jun 1;138(2-3):1233-8. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.11.048. Epub 2012 Nov 29. PubMed PMID: 23411237.

15: Shin HS, Yang EY. Simultaneous determination of methylcarbamate and ethylcarbamate in fermented foods and beverages by derivatization and GC-MS analysis. Chem Cent J. 2012 Dec 13;6(1):157. doi: 10.1186/1752-153X-6-157. PubMed PMID: 23234430; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3537662.

16: Almog J, Espino D, Tamiri T, Sonenfeld D. Trace analysis of urea nitrate in post-blast debris by GC/MS. Forensic Sci Int. 2013 Jan 10;224(1-3):80-3. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.10.041. Epub 2012 Nov 24. PubMed PMID: 23182869.

17: Tsukakoshi Y, Ono H, Kibune N, Isagawa S, Yamazaki K, Watai M, Yoshida M. Monitoring of acrylamide concentrations in potato chips in Japan between 2006 and 2010. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012 Aug;29(8):1212-8. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2012.684890. Epub 2012 May 17. PubMed PMID: 22594790.

18: Yamazaki K, Isagawa S, Kibune N, Urushiyama T. A method for the determination of acrylamide in a broad variety of processed foods by GC-MS using xanthydrol derivatization. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2012;29(5):705-15. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2011.645217. Epub 2012 Jan 19. PubMed PMID: 22257340.

19: de Perre C, McCord B. Trace analysis of urea nitrate by liquid chromatography-UV/fluorescence. Forensic Sci Int. 2011 Sep 10;211(1-3):76-82. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2011.04.021. Epub 2011 May 31. PubMed PMID: 21621354.

20: Bell SR, Groves JT. A highly reactive p450 model compound I. J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Jul 22;131(28):9640-1. doi: 10.1021/ja903394s. PubMed PMID: 19552441; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2760262.