Ochratoxin A

    WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 561027

CAS#: 303-47-9

Description: Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by several fungal species including Aspergillus ochraceus, A. carbonarius, A. niger, and Penicillium verrucosum. Ochratoxin A is one of the most-abundant food-contaminating mycotoxins.

Chemical Structure

Ochratoxin A
CAS# 303-47-9

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 561027
Name: Ochratoxin A
CAS#: 303-47-9
Chemical Formula: C20H18ClNO6
Exact Mass: 403.0823
Molecular Weight: 403.815
Elemental Analysis: C, 59.49; H, 4.49; Cl, 8.78; N, 3.47; O, 23.77

Price and Availability

Size Price Availability Quantity
1.0mg USD 200.0 2 Weeks
5.0mg USD 440.0 2 Weeks
10.0mg USD 810.0 2 Weeks
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Synonym: Ochratoxin A; OTA; Ochratoxin-A;

IUPAC/Chemical Name: ((R)-5-chloro-8-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-oxoisochromane-7-carbonyl)-D-phenylalanine


InChi Code: InChI=1S/C20H18ClNO6/c1-10-7-12-14(21)9-13(17(23)16(12)20(27)28-10)18(24)22-15(19(25)26)8-11-5-3-2-4-6-11/h2-6,9-10,15,23H,7-8H2,1H3,(H,22,24)(H,25,26)/t10-,15-/m1/s1

SMILES Code: OC1=C2C(C[C@@H](C)OC2=O)=C(Cl)C=C1C(N[C@@H](C(O)=O)CC3=CC=CC=C3)=O

Appearance: Solid powder

Purity: >98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Shipping Condition: Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition: Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility: Soluble in DMSO

Shelf Life: >2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation: This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage: 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

HS Tariff Code: 2934.99.9001

Preparing Stock Solutions

The following data is based on the product molecular weight 403.815 Batch specific molecular weights may vary from batch to batch due to the degree of hydration, which will affect the solvent volumes required to prepare stock solutions.

Recalculate based on batch purity %
Concentration / Solvent Volume / Mass 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 1.15 mL 5.76 mL 11.51 mL
5 mM 0.23 mL 1.15 mL 2.3 mL
10 mM 0.12 mL 0.58 mL 1.15 mL
50 mM 0.02 mL 0.12 mL 0.23 mL

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1: Bui-Klimke TR, Wu F. Ochratoxin A and human health risk: a review of the evidence. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2015;55(13):1860-9. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2012.724480. Review. PubMed PMID: 24874522; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4247821.

2: Khalesi M. Ochratoxin A in liquorice products - a review. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2015;32(12):2086-92. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2015.1094708. Epub 2015 Oct 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 26374697.

3: Heussner AH, Bingle LE. Comparative Ochratoxin Toxicity: A Review of the Available Data. Toxins (Basel). 2015 Oct 22;7(10):4253-82. doi: 10.3390/toxins7104253. Review. PubMed PMID: 26506387; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4626733.

4: Zhihong L, Kunlun H, Yunbo L. Ochratoxin A and ochratoxin-producing fungi on cereal grain in China: a review. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2015;32(4):461-70. doi: 10.1080/19440049.2014.996787. Epub 2015 Jan 9. Review. PubMed PMID: 25571918.

5: Baggiani C, Giovannoli C, Anfossi L. Man-Made Synthetic Receptors for Capture and Analysis of Ochratoxin A. Toxins (Basel). 2015 Oct 10;7(10):4083-98. doi: 10.3390/toxins7104083. Review. PubMed PMID: 26473924; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4626722.

6: Vettorazzi A, González-Peñas E, de Cerain AL. Ochratoxin A kinetics: a review of analytical methods and studies in rat model. Food Chem Toxicol. 2014 Oct;72:273-88. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2014.07.020. Epub 2014 Jul 21. Review. PubMed PMID: 25057808.

7: Ha TH. Recent Advances for the Detection of Ochratoxin A. Toxins (Basel). 2015 Dec 4;7(12):5276-300. doi: 10.3390/toxins7124882. Review. PubMed PMID: 26690216; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4690132.

8: Vettorazzi A, van Delft J, López de Cerain A. A review on ochratoxin A transcriptomic studies. Food Chem Toxicol. 2013 Sep;59:766-83. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2013.05.043. Epub 2013 Jun 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 23747715.

9: Limonciel A, Jennings P. A review of the evidence that ochratoxin A is an Nrf2 inhibitor: implications for nephrotoxicity and renal carcinogenicity. Toxins (Basel). 2014 Jan 20;6(1):371-9. doi: 10.3390/toxins6010371. Review. PubMed PMID: 24448208; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3920267.

10: Malir F, Ostry V, Pfohl-Leszkowicz A, Novotna E. Ochratoxin A: developmental and reproductive toxicity-an overview. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol. 2013 Dec;98(6):493-502. doi: 10.1002/bdrb.21091. Epub 2014 Jan 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 24395216.

11: Sorrenti V, Di Giacomo C, Acquaviva R, Barbagallo I, Bognanno M, Galvano F. Toxicity of ochratoxin a and its modulation by antioxidants: a review. Toxins (Basel). 2013 Oct 11;5(10):1742-66. doi: 10.3390/toxins5101742. Review. PubMed PMID: 24152986; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3813909.

12: Bellver Soto J, Fernández-Franzón M, Ruiz MJ, Juan-García A. Presence of ochratoxin A (OTA) mycotoxin in alcoholic drinks from southern European countries: wine and beer. J Agric Food Chem. 2014 Aug 6;62(31):7643-51. doi: 10.1021/jf501737h. Epub 2014 Jul 25. Review. PubMed PMID: 25039256.

13: Ostry V, Malir F, Ruprich J. Producers and important dietary sources of ochratoxin A and citrinin. Toxins (Basel). 2013 Sep 17;5(9):1574-86. doi: 10.3390/toxins5091574. Review. PubMed PMID: 24048364; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3798874.

14: Zhou WL, Wang YT, Kong WJ, Yang MH, Zhao M, Ou-Yang Z. [Advancement of colloidal gold chromatographic technique in screening of ochratoxin A]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2015 Aug;40(15):2945-51. Review. Chinese. PubMed PMID: 26677691.

15: Rhouati A, Yang C, Hayat A, Marty JL. Aptamers: a promosing tool for ochratoxin A detection in food analysis. Toxins (Basel). 2013 Nov 5;5(11):1988-2008. doi: 10.3390/toxins5111988. Review. PubMed PMID: 24196457; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3847711.

16: Meulenberg EP. Immunochemical methods for ochratoxin A detection: a review. Toxins (Basel). 2012 Apr;4(4):244-66. doi: 10.3390/toxins4040244. Epub 2012 Apr 13. Review. PubMed PMID: 22606375; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3347002.

17: Petruzzi L, Sinigaglia M, Corbo MR, Campaniello D, Speranza B, Bevilacqua A. Decontamination of ochratoxin A by yeasts: possible approaches and factors leading to toxin removal in wine. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014 Aug;98(15):6555-67. doi: 10.1007/s00253-014-5814-4. Epub 2014 May 20. Review. PubMed PMID: 24841121.

18: Malir F, Ostry V, Pfohl-Leszkowicz A, Malir J, Toman J. Ochratoxin A: 50 Years of Research. Toxins (Basel). 2016 Jul 4;8(7). pii: E191. doi: 10.3390/toxins8070191. Review. PubMed PMID: 27384585; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4963825.

19: Kőszegi T, Poór M. Ochratoxin A: Molecular Interactions, Mechanisms of Toxicity and Prevention at the Molecular Level. Toxins (Basel). 2016 Apr 15;8(4):111. doi: 10.3390/toxins8040111. Review. PubMed PMID: 27092524; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4848637.

20: Klarić MS, Rašić D, Peraica M. Deleterious effects of mycotoxin combinations involving ochratoxin A. Toxins (Basel). 2013 Nov 1;5(11):1965-87. doi: 10.3390/toxins5111965. Review. PubMed PMID: 24189375; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3847710.