Galunisertib
featured

    WARNING: This product is for research use only, not for human or veterinary use.

MedKoo CAT#: 205520

CAS#: 700874-72-2

Description: Galunisertib, also known as LY2157299, is a novel selective small molecule transforming growth factor beta receptor (TGF-βR) kinase inhibitor. LY2157299 inhibited HCC cell migration on Laminin-5, Fibronectin, Vitronectin, Fibrinogen and Collagen-I and de novo phosphorylation of pSMAD2. LY2157299 inhibited HCC migration and cell growth independently of the expression levels of TGF-βRII.


Price and Availability

Size
Price

50mg
USD 150
500mg
USD 950
5g
USD 3950
Size
Price

100mg
USD 250
1g
USD 1650
10g
USD 5850
Size
Price

200mg
USD 450
2g
USD 2650
20g
USD 9850

Galunisertib (LY2157299), purity > 98%, is in stock. The same day shipping out after order is received. Delivery time: overnight (USA/Canada); 3-5 days (worldwide). Shipping fee: from $30.00 (USA); from $45.00 (Canada); from $70.00 (international).


Chemical Structure

img

Theoretical Analysis

MedKoo Cat#: 205520
Name: Galunisertib
CAS#: 700874-72-2
Chemical Formula: C22H19N5O
Exact Mass: 369.15896
Molecular Weight: 369.41916
Elemental Analysis: C, 71.53; H, 5.18; N, 18.96; O, 4.33


Synonym: LY2157299; LY2157299; LY 2157299; Galunisertib

IUPAC/Chemical Name: 4-(2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl)quinoline-6-carboxamide

InChi Key: IVRXNBXKWIJUQB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

InChi Code: InChI=1S/C22H19N5O/c1-13-4-2-5-18(25-13)21-20(19-6-3-11-27(19)26-21)15-9-10-24-17-8-7-14(22(23)28)12-16(15)17/h2,4-5,7-10,12H,3,6,11H2,1H3,(H2,23,28)

SMILES Code: O=C(C1=CC=C2N=CC=C(C3=C(CCC4)N4N=C3C5=NC(C)=CC=C5)C2=C1)N


Technical Data

Appearance:
Grey to brown solid powder

Purity:
>98% (or refer to the Certificate of Analysis)

Safety Data Sheet (MSDS):

Shipping Condition:
Shipped under ambient temperature as non-hazardous chemical. This product is stable enough for a few weeks during ordinary shipping and time spent in Customs.

Storage Condition:
Dry, dark and at 0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks) or -20 C for long term (months to years).

Solubility:
Soluble in DMSO, not in water

Shelf Life:
>2 years if stored properly

Drug Formulation:
This drug may be formulated in DMSO

Stock Solution Storage:
0 - 4 C for short term (days to weeks), or -20 C for long term (months).

Harmonized System Code:
293490


Additional Information

LY2157299 is a novel selective small molecule transforming growth factor beta receptor (TGF-βR) kinase inhibitor. LY-2157299 could inhibit TGF-β-mediated SMAD2 activation and hematopoietic suppression in primary hematopoietic stem cells. Furthermore, in vivo administration of LY-2157299 ameliorated anemia in a TGF-β overexpressing transgenic mouse model of bone marrow failure. Most importantly, treatment with LY-2157199 stimulated hematopoiesis from primary MDS bone marrow specimens. These studies demonstrate that reduction in SMAD7 is a novel molecular alteration in MDS that leads to ineffective hematopoiesis by activating of TGF-β signaling in hematopoietic cells. These studies also illustrate the therapeutic potential of TBRI inhibitors in MDS. (source: Cancer Res. 2011 Feb 1;71(3):955-63. Epub 2010 Dec 28. ).
 
 


References

1: Rodón J, Carducci M, Sepulveda-Sánchez JM, Azaro A, Calvo E, Seoane J, Braña I, Sicart E, Gueorguieva I, Cleverly A, Pillay NS, Desaiah D, Estrem ST, Paz-Ares L, Holdhoff M, Blakeley J, Lahn MM, Baselga J. Pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and biomarker evaluation of transforming growth factor-β receptor I kinase inhibitor, galunisertib, in phase 1 study in patients with advanced cancer. Invest New Drugs. 2014 Dec 23. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25529192.

2: Kovacs RJ, Maldonado G, Azaro A, Fernández MS, Romero FL, Sepulveda-Sánchez JM, Corretti M, Carducci M, Dolan M, Gueorguieva I, Cleverly AL, Pillay NS, Baselga J, Lahn MM. Cardiac Safety of TGF-β Receptor I Kinase Inhibitor LY2157299 Monohydrate in Cancer Patients in a First-in-Human Dose Study. Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2014 Dec 9. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25488804.

3: Rodon J, Carducci MA, Sepulveda-Sanchez JM, Azaro A, Calvo E, Seoane J, Brana I, Sicart E, Gueorguieva I, Cleverly AL, Sokalingum Pillay N, Desaiah D, Estrem ST, Paz-Ares L, Holdoff M, Blakeley J, Lahn MM, Baselga J. First-in-Human Dose Study of the Novel Transforming Growth Factor-β Receptor I Kinase Inhibitor LY2157299 Monohydrate in Patients with Advanced Cancer and Glioma. Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Nov 25. pii: clincanres.1380.2014. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25424852.

4: Huang C, Wang H, Pan J, Zhou D, Chen W, Li W, Chen Y, Liu Z. Benzalkonium Chloride Induces Subconjunctival Fibrosis Through the COX-2-Modulated Activation of a TGF-β1/Smad3 Signaling Pathway. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Nov 18;55(12):8111-22. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14504. PubMed PMID: 25406285.

5: Cong L, Xia ZK, Yang RY. Targeting the TGF-β receptor with kinase inhibitors for scleroderma therapy. Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 2014 Sep;347(9):609-15. doi: 10.1002/ardp.201400116. Epub 2014 Jun 11. PubMed PMID: 24917246.

6: Gueorguieva I, Cleverly AL, Stauber A, Sada Pillay N, Rodon JA, Miles CP, Yingling JM, Lahn MM. Defining a therapeutic window for the novel TGF-β inhibitor LY2157299 monohydrate based on a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2014 May;77(5):796-807. PubMed PMID: 24868575; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4004400.

7: Oyanagi J, Kojima N, Sato H, Higashi S, Kikuchi K, Sakai K, Matsumoto K, Miyazaki K. Inhibition of transforming growth factor-β signaling potentiates tumor cell invasion into collagen matrix induced by fibroblast-derived hepatocyte growth factor. Exp Cell Res. 2014 Aug 15;326(2):267-79. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.04.009. Epub 2014 Apr 26. PubMed PMID: 24780821.

8: Giannelli G, Villa E, Lahn M. Transforming growth factor-β as a therapeutic target in hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer Res. 2014 Apr 1;74(7):1890-4. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-14-0243. Epub 2014 Mar 17. Review. PubMed PMID: 24638984.

9: Dituri F, Mazzocca A, Peidrò FJ, Papappicco P, Fabregat I, De Santis F, Paradiso A, Sabbà C, Giannelli G. Differential Inhibition of the TGF-β Signaling Pathway in HCC Cells Using the Small Molecule Inhibitor LY2157299 and the D10 Monoclonal Antibody against TGF-β Receptor Type II. PLoS One. 2013 Jun 27;8(6):e67109. Print 2013. PubMed PMID: 23826206; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3694933.

10: Bhola NE, Balko JM, Dugger TC, Kuba MG, Sánchez V, Sanders M, Stanford J, Cook RS, Arteaga CL. TGF-β inhibition enhances chemotherapy action against triple-negative breast cancer. J Clin Invest. 2013 Mar 1;123(3):1348-58. doi: 10.1172/JCI65416. Epub 2013 Feb 8. PubMed PMID: 23391723; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3582135.

11: Bhattachar SN, Perkins EJ, Tan JS, Burns LJ. Effect of gastric pH on the pharmacokinetics of a BCS class II compound in dogs: utilization of an artificial stomach and duodenum dissolution model and GastroPlus,™ simulations to predict absorption. J Pharm Sci. 2011 Nov;100(11):4756-65. doi: 10.1002/jps.22669. Epub 2011 Jun 16. PubMed PMID: 21681753.

12: Bueno L, de Alwis DP, Pitou C, Yingling J, Lahn M, Glatt S, Trocóniz IF. Semi-mechanistic modelling of the tumour growth inhibitory effects of LY2157299, a new type I receptor TGF-beta kinase antagonist, in mice. Eur J Cancer. 2008 Jan;44(1):142-50. Epub 2007 Nov 26. PubMed PMID: 18039567.